The Colonization of America The Colonization of America began with the explorations of the early European explorers.
The map shows the known lands, colored in orange. The correct area of America is shown in light blue. The first explorers did not know that the continent of America existed - the early explorers were looking for a different route to China (Cathay).
It is remarkable that in just 133 years, from the date of this map in 1474 to 1607, that the first colony in Jamestown, Virginia was established. The brave, early European explorers who took the perilous route across the Atlantic Ocean were the men who started the Colonization of America...
Map of America and Atlantic Ocean - 1474
Colonization of America The famous European explorers came from England, Spain, Italy, Portugal and France - Refer to the French in America and the Spanish in America. The voyages of the first explorers and the countries of Europe were motivated by various reasons, the foremost being to build great empires - which led to the Colonization of America. The other reasons were as follows:
Increased Power in Europe
Wealth - gold, silver, spices and the raw materials of new lands
Opportunities for trade
Spreading the Christian Religion - refer to Religion in the Colonies
Colonization of America - Chart of the Early Explorers The Colonization of America was made possible by the voyages and discoveries of the early explorers who came from the great sea-faring nations of Europe. During the sixteenth century (1500's) the work of the Colonization of America was left almost entirely to Spain. The following chart of the early explorers provides a list of the famous men who made the colonization of America possible.
Colonization of America - Chart of the Early Explorers
1451 - 1506
Discovery of the New World by Christopher Columbus
970 - 1020
Established a colony in Vinland on the northern tip of Newfoundland
1480 - 1521
Made a voyage around the World
1454 - 1512
America was named after this famous explorer
Vasco Nunez de Balboa
1475 - 1519
First explorer to see the Pacific Ocean from its eastern shore
Juan Ponce de Leon
1460 - 1521
Explorations in Florida
Sir John Hawkins
1532 - 1595
Voyages to West Africa, starting the English slave trade, and South America
Francisco Vasquez de Coronado
1510 - 1554
Explored the Southwest of North America in Arizona and New Mexico
Hernando De Soto
1500 - 1542
Explored Florida and South East America
1485 - 1547
Conquistador of Mexico and the Aztec Empire
Giovanni da Verrazzano
1485 - 1528
Explored the North East coast of North America from Cape Fear, North Carolina to Maine
1450 - 1499
Explored the coastline of Canada the subsequent colonization of Canada and North America
1491 - 1557
Led three expeditions to Canada
Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo
1499 - 1543
Navigated the coast of California in the United States
1520 - 1565
Colonized Florida in the southeastern United States.
1565 - 1611
Discovered the Hudson River
Samuel de Champlain
1567 - 1635
Founder of Quebec City - 'The Father of Canada'
Sir Francis Drake
1540 - 1597
Drake Circumnavigated the World
Sir Walter Raleigh
1552 - 1618
Sir Walter Raleigh established the Virginia colony of Roanoke Island in 1584
Colonization of America - Chart of the Early Explorers
Colonization of America in the 1500's During the 1500's the Colonization of America was left almost entirely to Spain. Their programme of colonization concentrated on South America but the Spanish also explored the regions of New Mexico and Texas and had established the Spanish colony of St. Augustine, in Florida. The Colonization of South America also had a significant presence from the Portuguese. North America, from the Gulf of Mexico to the Arctic Ocean, had not been explored and the lands were inhabited by the Native Indian Tribes.
Colonization of America - Roanoke Island The explorations of Sir Walter Raleigh initiated the English Colonization of America. The English Colonization of America started in 1584 when Sir Walter Raleigh's fleet of seven ships with 108 men, under the command of Richard Grenville and Ralph Lane reached Roanoke Island. On June 4, 1584 the Virginia colony of Roanoke Island was founded by Sir Walter Raleigh who was made governor of the new territory naming the land "Virginia" in the honor of Queen Elizabeth I. The Colonization of America moved on in 1587 when John White established the English Roanoke Colony. On August 18, 1587 Virginia Dare was born in the Roanoke colony making her the first English child born during the English Colonization of America.
Colonization of America in the 1600's The 1600's saw the first era of the Colonization of America which was mainly undertaken by England and France and to a minor extent by the Netherlands and Sweden. The first 13 Colonies were established consisting of Delaware, Pennsylvania, Massachusetts Bay Colony (which included Maine), New Jersey, Georgia, Connecticut, Maryland, South Carolina, New Hampshire, Virginia, New York, North Carolina, and Rhode Island and Providence Plantations. The story of the Colonization of America starts, and ends, at this point in time.
Map of the 13 Colonies - The Colonization of America
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Colonization of America
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Colonization of America The Colonization of America. The First 13 colonies were classified in three separate regions consisting of the New England, the Middle and the Southern Colonies. Virginia, Pennsylvania, Massachusetts Bay Colony (which included Maine), New Jersey, Georgia, Connecticut, Maryland, South Carolina, New Hampshire, Delaware, New York, North Carolina, and Rhode Island. We hope that this article on the early Colonization of America will assist in your studies or homework. A great educational resource for kids on the subject of the Colonization of America.