Massachusetts Colony

Landing at Plymouth Rock

Picture of the Landing at Plymouth Rock

This article provides a Massachusetts Colony Fact File providing interesting facts and information at a glance in respect of:

  • Facts about Religion in the Massachusetts Colony
  • Facts about Government in the Massachusetts Colony
  • Economics in the Massachusetts Colony
  • Facts on the History and famous people of the Massachusetts Colony
  • Facts and info about the Massachusetts Colony
New England ColoniesMiddle
Colonies
Southern Colonies
American Colonies IndexFirst 13 Colonies

History of the Colonization of America and the original 13 Colonies

Massachusetts Colony: The Establishment and Settlement of the 13 original colonies

The Massachusetts Colony
The Massachusetts Colony was one of the original 13 colonies located on the Atlantic coast of North America. The original 13 colonies were divided into three geographic areas consisting of the New England, Middle and Southern colonies. The Massachusetts Colony was classified as one of the New England Colonies. The Province of Massachusetts was an English colony in North America that existed from 1630 until 1776, when it joined the other 12 of the 13 colonies in rebellion against Great Britain and became the U.S. state of Massachusetts.

For additional information refer to the
History of Colonial Massachusetts

Founding of the Massachusetts Colony
When was the colony of Massachusetts founded? The Massachusetts Colony was founded in 1630 by John Winthrop and other Puritans, at Massachusetts Bay.

The Naming of the Massachusetts Colony
Name of an Algonquian tribe meaning “At the Great Hill.”

 

Map of 13 Colonies Chart

 

Information and Facts with the Massachusetts Colony Fact File
The first maps and records were made by John Smith in 1614. Permanent occupation of the colony dates from the voyage of the "Mayflower," which brought over a hundred men, women and children. Sir Ferdinando Gorges became the leader in founding Maine. Fast facts and interesting information about the founding, establishment, geography, climate, religion, history, natural resources, raw material, industries (refer to Colonial Times) and the famous historical people associated with the Massachusetts Colony of Colonial America. Information and facts at a glance about the Massachusetts Colony via this fast fact file.

Massachusetts Colony Fact File

FactsSubjectFacts about the Massachusetts Colony
Fact 1History

The Plymouth Colony was founded in 1620 by Pilgrim Fathers, or Pilgrims, sail on the Mayflower Ship and founded the colony at Plymouth, Massachusetts based on the Mayflower Compact. The Massachusetts Bay Colony was founded in 1630 by John Winthrop and other colonists.
 

Fact 2Cities

Major Towns / Cities: Boston, Quincy, Plymouth, Salem, Lexington, Concord

Fact 3Industries

Major Industries: Agriculture (fishing, corn, livestock), Manufacturing (lumbering, shipbuilding).
 

Fact 4Geography

Geography: Jagged coast and hills. The basic geography of New England consisted of mountains thick with trees, rivers and poor rocky soil that was difficult to farm and unsuitable for crops
 

Fact 5Climate

Climate: New England was the coldest of the three regions, mild and short summers leading to long, cold winters but less disease than in the warmer colonies
 

Fact 6Religion

Religion: There was no religious freedom in the areas inhabited by the Puritans as they did not tolerate any other form of religion. Refer to Religion in the Colonies
 

Fact 7Raw
Materials

Natural Resources: Fish, whales, forests. Imported agricultural products from other colonies. Farming was difficult for crops like wheat because of the poor soil but corn, pumpkins, rye, squash and beans were raised
 

Fact 8Economy

Economics and Trade: Concentrated in manufacture and focussed on town life and industries such as ship building and the manufacture and export of rum
 

Fact 9Government

Government: By 1775 Massachusetts was governed as a royal province while operating under a charter
 

Fact 10History

Original Name: The original name of the colony was the Province of Massachusetts Bay, later Massachusetts and Maine
 

Fact 11Economy

In towns along the coast, the colonists made their living fishing, whaling, and shipbuilding. Whale oil was a valuable resource as it could be used in lamps.
 

Fact 12Economy

Farming was difficult for crops like wheat because of the poor soil but corn, pumpkins, rye, squash and beans were planted.
 

Fact 13History

In 1692 the Salem Witchcraft Trials last for three months from June to September
 

Fact 14Trade / ExportsFish, timber, furs, ships and livestock
Fact 15Famous Battles

Battle of Lexington and the Battle of Concord

Fact 16History

The Colony became a state on February 6, 1788. For additional facts and info refer to the Change from Colonies to States
 

FactsSubjectFacts about the Massachusetts Colony

Massachusetts Colony Fact File

  

Colonial America - The Land of the Brave

  

Massachusetts Colony
The Massachusetts Colony article provides important information and interesting facts at a glance via the fast Facts File about the Massachusetts Colony including the date the colony were established, geography, history, the system of government, religion, trade and the economic activities in the Massachusetts Colony. The history facts provides the names of important people associated with the founding and establishment of the Massachusetts Colony. An easy, helpful educational resource for teachers, kids and children.

 

Massachusetts Colony

  • Interesting Facts and information via the Massachusetts Colony Facts File
  • Massachusetts Colony history and people
  • Fast Facts and info about the Massachusetts Colony
  • Social Studies Homework help for kids and schools with facts about the Massachusetts Colony

Colonial America - The Land of the Brave

 

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- Written By Linda Alchin