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North Carolina Colony

History of the Colonization of America and the original 13 Colonies

North Carolina: The Establishment and Settlement of the 13 original colonies

Early American patriots and colonists

Cotton Plantation - North Carolina Colony

Cotton Plantation - North Carolina Colony

This article provides a North Carolina Colony Fact File providing interesting facts and information at a glance in respect of:

  • Facts about Religion in the North Carolina Colony
  • Facts about Government in the North Carolina Colony
  • Economics in the North Carolina Colony
  • Facts on the History and famous people of the North Carolina Colony
  • Facts and info about the North Carolina Colony
New England Colonies Middle
Colonies
Southern Colonies
American Colonies Index First 13 Colonies
 

The North Carolina Colony
The North Carolina Colony was one of the original 13 colonies located on the Atlantic coast of North America. The original 13 colonies were divided into three geographic areas consisting of the New England, Middle and Southern colonies. The North Carolina Colony was classified as one of the Southern Colonies. The Province of North Carolina was an English colony in North America that existed from 1653 until 1776, when it joined the other 12 of the 13 colonies in rebellion against Great Britain and became the U.S. state of North Carolina. North and South Carolina were one colony until 1729.

Founding of the North Carolina Colony
When was the colony of North Carolina founded? The North Carolina Colony was founded in 1653 by the Virginia colonists.  - refer to Lords Proprietors and the Charter of Carolina.

The Naming of the North Carolina Colony
Carolina is derived from the Latin name Carolus, translated as "Charles." The state was named in honor Charles IX of France and then King Charles I and King Charles II of England.

 

Map of 13 Colonies Chart

Map of the 13 Colonies

 

North Carolina Colony - The Carolinas
During the 1660's the Proprietors of the vast colony and land named Carolina realized that it was not possible for one governor and one assembly to manage a colony as big as Carolina. The major settlements in the Carolinas were Cape Fear, Charles Town and Albemarle were miles apart and travelling between the settlements was time consuming and difficult. In 1691, the Colonial Proprietors of Carolina appointed a governor for the whole of Carolina and a deputy governor for the North of the colony. In 1712, North and South Carolina were officially divided.

Information and Facts with the North Carolina Colony Fact File
Fast facts and interesting information about the founding, establishment, geography, climate, religion, history, natural resources, raw material, industries (refer to Colonial Times) and the famous historical people associated with the North Carolina Colony of Colonial America. Information and facts at a glance about the North Carolina Colony via this fast fact file.

North Carolina Colony Fact File

Facts Subject Facts about the North Carolina Colony
Fact 1 History

Year Founded: 1653 by Virginia colonists

Fact 2 Cities

Major Towns / Cities: Raleigh

Fact 3 Geography

Geography of North Carolina: Coastal plains, plateau and mountain ranges

Fact 4 Climate

Climate: The Southern colonies were the warmest of the three regions, winters not difficult to survive, but the hot and humid summers gave rise to the spread of disease. The warm climate made it possible to grow crops throughout the year and was ideally suited for plantations
 

Fact 5 Climate

Climate: The warm climate made it possible to grow crops throughout the year and was ideally suited for plantations
 

Fact 6 Religion

Religion: Not dominated by a specific religion which gave way to religious freedom for Baptists, Anglicans and others. Refer to Religion in the Colonies
 

Fact 7 Raw
Materials

Natural Resources: Fish, forests (timber) and good agricultural land. Farming and Plantations were  important. Exported agricultural products to other colonies
 

Fact 8 Economy

Economics and Trade: Concentrated on agriculture and developed the plantations exporting tobacco, cotton, corn, vegetables, grain, fruit and livestock
 

Fact 9 Government

Government: By 1775 North Carolina was governed as a Royal Colony.

Fact 10 History Original Name: The original name of the colony was the Province of North Carolina, later North Carolina and Tennessee
 
Fact 11 Economy

The Southern Colonies had the largest slave population who worked on the plantations.Plantations grew cotton, tobacco, rice, sugar, indigo (a purple dye), and other crops
 

Fact 12 Economy

Some of the plantations were massive and consisted of the main house, slave quarters, a dairy, blacksmith's shop, laundry, smokehouse and barns which made the plantations to large degree, self-sufficient
 

Fact 13 Economy

Crops were traded for items that could not be produced on the plantations including shoes, lace, thread, farm tools and dishes
 

Fact 14 History

In 1653 Nathaniel Batts ( 1620-1679 ) becomes the earliest permanent settler in North Carolina
 

Fact 15 History

In 1691 the land assumed the name of North Carolina

Fact 16 History

In 1712 North Carolina becomes a separate Colony

Fact 17 History

In 1729 North Carolina becomes a royal English colony

Fact 18 History

The Colony became a state on November 21, 1789. For additional facts and info refer to the Change from Colonies to States
 

 Fact 19

Trade / Exports

Trade in the Southern colonies included Tobacco, cotton, rice, indigo (dye), lumber, furs, farm products - refer to Colonial Times
 

Facts Subject Facts about the North Carolina Colony

North Carolina Colony Fact File

   

Colonial America - The Land of the Brave

   

North Carolina Colony
The North Carolina Colony article provides important information and interesting facts at a glance via the fast Facts File about the North Carolina Colony including the date the colony were established, geography, history, the system of government, religion, trade and the economic activities in the North Carolina Colony. The history facts provides the names of important people associated with the founding and establishment of the North Carolina Colony. An easy, helpful educational resource for teachers, kids and children. Also refer to 1663 Charter of Carolina Text

 

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