History of the Colonization of America and the original 13 Colonies
Delaware: The Establishment and Settlement of the 13 original colonies
The Delaware Colony The Delaware Colony was one of the original 13 colonies located on the Atlantic coast of North America. The original 13 colonies were divided into three geographic areas consisting of the New England, Middle and Southern colonies. The Delaware Colony was classified as one of the Middle Colonies. The Province of Delaware was an English colony in North America that existed from 1638 until 1776, when it joined the other 12 of the 13 colonies in rebellion against Great Britain and became the U.S. state of Delaware.
Founding of the Delaware Colony When was the colony of Delaware founded? The Delaware Colony was founded in 1638 by Peter Minuit and New Sweden Company.
The Naming of the Delaware Colony Named after the Delaware River whose name was derived from that of Sir Thomas West (Lord de la Warr) who was Virginia Company's first governor.
Information and Facts with the Delaware Colony Fact File Delaware river and bay were first explored on behalf of the Dutch by Henry Hudson in 1609, and more thoroughly in 1615-1616 by Cornelius Hendrikson, whose reports did much to cause the incorporation of the Dutch West India Company. The first settlement on Delaware soil was made under the auspices of members of the Dutch West India Company in 1638 near the site of the present Lewes. Fast facts and interesting information about the founding, establishment, geography, climate, religion, history, natural resources, raw material, industries (refer to Colonial Times) and the famous historical people associated with the Delaware Colony of Colonial America. Information and facts at a glance about the Delaware Colony via this fast fact file.
Major Industries: Exported agricultural products and natural resources including cattle, grain, rice, indigo (dye), wheat
Manufacturing: Manufactured iron ore products such as plows, tools, kettles, locks, nails and large blocks of iron which they exported to England
Geography of Delaware: Flat lowland, Atlantic Coastal Plain. The southern boundary is swampland with over 30,000 acres of swamp. The general geography of the Middle Colonies had a mix of the New England and Southern features but had fertile soil and land that was suited to farming
Climate: The Middle Colonies had a mild climate with warm summers and mild winters that were suited to farming and agriculture
Religion: Not dominated by a specific religion which gave way to religious freedom for Quakers, Catholics, Lutherans, Jews and others. Refer to Religion in the Colonies
Natural Resources: Good farmland, timber, furs and coal. Iron ore was a particularly important natural resource
Economics and Trade: Exported agricultural products and natural resources but were also able to manufacture iron ore products such as plows, tools, kettles, locks, nails and large blocks of iron which they exported to England
Original Name: The original name of the colony was the Delaware Colony (before 1776, the Lower Counties on Delaware), later Delaware
Reason for Founding: Trade and profits
Delaware was often referred to as a breadbasket colony because it grew so many crops, especially wheat. The wheat was ground into flour in flour mills then shipped to England.
A typical farm was 50 to 150 acres consisting of a house, barn, yard and fields
In 1639 the first African on the Delaware, Black Anthony, is brought from the Caribbean
In 1655 the Dutch defeat the Swedes on the Delaware, ending the New Sweden Colony. Delaware becomes a part of New Netherland
In 1664 Sir Robert Carr drives the Dutch off the Delaware and Delaware becomes an English colony
Trade / Exports
The Middle Colonies were the big food producing region that included corn and wheat and livestock including beef and pork. Other industries included the production of iron ore, lumber, textiles, furs and shipbuilding - refer to Colonial Times
Flax and hemp farms were established in the Middle Colonies furthering the textiles industry
Delaware was the 1st of the original 13 colonies to become a state on : December 7, 1787 and the first colonial state. For additional facts and info refer to the Change from Colonies to States
Facts about the Delaware Colony
Delaware Colony Fact File
Delaware Colony The Delaware Colony article provides important information and interesting facts at a glance via the fast Facts File about the Delaware Colony including the date the colony were established, geography, history, the system of government, religion, trade and the economic activities in the Delaware Colony. The history facts provides the names of important people associated with the founding and establishment of the Delaware Colony. An easy, helpful educational resource for teachers, kids and children.
Interesting Facts and information via the Delaware Colony Facts File
Delaware Colony history and people
Fast Facts and info about the Delaware Colony
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