North Colonies

North Ship Yard

Ship Yard in the North Colonies

This article about the North Colonies providing facts and information at a glance in respect of:

  • The North Colonies are commonly referred to as the New England Colonies
  • Religion in the North Colonies
  • Government in the North Colonies
  • Trade and Economic activity in the North Colonies
  • History Timeline of the North Colonies
  • Maps of the North Colonies
Middle ColoniesSouth Colonies
American Colonies IndexFirst 13 Colonies

History of the Colonization of America and the original 13 Colonies

The North Colonies: The Establishment and Settlement of the 13 original colonies

The North Colonies
The Map highlights the North Colonies in pink. The four North Colonies of Colonial America included the New Hampshire Colony, Massachusetts Bay Colony, Rhode Island Colony and Connecticut Colony.

Map of Middle Colonies

Map of the 13 Colonies

North Colonies

Middle Colonies

South Colonies

The North Colonies Chart
The North Colonies Chart provides important information and interesting facts about each of the Northern Colonies including the date the colony was established, the systems of Colonial government, religion, details of trade and economic activity and the names of famous people associated with the founding and establishment the colony. The North Colonies chart provides the ability to see at a glance the facts about the North Colonies on a single chart.
 

The North Colonies Chart

DateName of Colony
or Settlement
RegionGovernmentReligionTrade
Economic Activity
Famous
People
1630Massachusetts ColonyNorth ColoniesCharterPuritanShip building,
Rum exports
John Winthrop
1636Rhode Island ColonyNorth ColoniesCharter Religious FreedomShip building,
Rum exports
Roger Williams
Anne Hutchinson
1636Connecticut ColonyNorth ColoniesCharter PuritanShip building,
Rum exports
Thomas Hooker
1638New Hampshire ColonyNorth ColoniesRoyalPuritanShip building,
Rum exports
John Mason
The North Colonies Chart

Major Towns of the North Colonies
The way of life in the North Colonies focussed on town life. The names of the major towns in the Northern Colonies were  were Dover, Exeter, Providence, Portsmouth, Newport, Hartford, New Haven, Wethersfield, Windsor, Boston, Quincy, Plymouth, Salem, Lexington and Concord. The major towns that were established in the North Colonies are shown by each colony in the chart:

Major Towns of the North Colonies

 Name of North ColonyNames of Major Towns
The North ColoniesMassachusetts ColonyBoston, Quincy, Plymouth, Salem, Lexington and Concord
Rhode Island ColonyProvidence, Portsmouth and Newport
Connecticut ColonyHartford, New Haven,
Wethersfield and Windsor
New Hampshire ColonyDover and Exeter

Major Towns of the North Colonies

Facts and Information about the North Colonies
Information and Facts about the North Colonies of Colonial America:

  • Fact 1: The geography of North consisted of mountains thick with trees, rivers and poor rocky soil that was difficult to farm and unsuitable for crops
  • Fact 2: Farming was difficult for crops like wheat because of the poor soil but corn, pumpkins, rye, squash and beans were raised
  • Fact 3: Initially no religious freedom in the North Colonies as the Puritans did not tolerate any other form of religion
  • Fact 4: Mild and short summers and long, cold winters but less disease than in the warmer southern colonies
  • Fact 5: Industries & Products - Fish, whale, ships, timber, furs, maple syrup, copper, livestock, horses, rum, whiskey and beer - refer to Colonial Times

The North Colonies - Economic Activity & Trade
There were considerable differences between the North, Middle and Southern regions. Economic activities and trade were dependant of the environment in which the Colonists lived. The geography and climate impacted the trade and economic activities of North Colonies. In the Northern towns along the coast, the colonists made their living fishing, whaling, and shipbuilding. The fish included cod, mackerel, herring, halibut, hake,  bass and sturgeon. Whale oil was a valuable resource as it could be used in lamps. Farming was difficult in North for crops like wheat because of the poor soil but corn, pumpkins, rye, squash and beans were planted. The North Colonies concentrated in manufacture and focussed on town life and industries such as ship building and the manufacture and export of rum. See Triangular Trade.

Government in the North Colonies
All of the systems of government in the New England Colonies elected their own legislature, they were all democratic, they all had a governor, governor's court, and a court system. The government systems used by the North Colonies were Royal of Charter. Definitions of the government systems are as follows:

  • Royal Government: The Royal Colonies were ruled directly by the English monarchy
  • Charter Government: The Charter Colonies were generally self-governed, and their charters were granted to the colonists.

For additional facts and information refer to Colonial Government.

Religion in the North Colonies
The religion practised in North was strictly Puritan and they did not tolerate any other religions - refer to Pilgrims and Puritans and Religion in the Colonies.

Original Names of the North Colonies
The original names of the North Colonies were the Province of New Hampshire, later New Hampshire, the Province of Massachusetts Bay, later Massachusetts and Maine, the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, later Rhode Island and the Connecticut Colony, later Connecticut.

North in the 1700's

Northern Colonies in the 1700's - For additional facts and info refer to Colonial Society.

  

Colonial America - The Land of the Brave

  

The North Colonies Timeline
Discover interesting  information and facts about the history of the North. For a more comprehensive history timeline detailing specific events relating to all of the 13 Colonies refer to
Colonial America Time Period. This North Colonies Timeline provides a list detailing key events and dates of this amazing period in Colonial history. The four North Colonies of Colonial America included the colonies of New Hampshire, Massachusetts Bay Colony, Rhode Island and Connecticut. A comprehensive list of the key events which are important to the North Colonies Timeline. Additional interesting information can be found in Facts about the 13 Colonies.

The North Colonies Timeline
The North Colonies Timeline

1620The Pilgrim Fathers, or Pilgrims, founded the second colony of Plymouth in North in 1620, located in present-day Plymouth, Massachusetts, United States. The Mayflower Compact was a legal document written by the Pilgrims to specify basic laws and social rules for their new colony. In 1624, Virginia was made a royal colony.
 

1620The Pilgrims, the founders of Plymouth, arrived in 1620. John Mason and Sir Ferdinando Gorges, the "Father of English Colonization in North America" had received land in the North which became the Massachusetts Bay Colony. John Mason eventually formed New Hampshire and the land of Sir Ferdinando Gorges led to Maine. Massachusetts Bay Colony controlled both regions until New Hampshire was given a royal charter in 1679 and Maine was made its own state in 1820.
 

1636Connecticut was initially settled colonists, led by Thomas Hooker, left the Massachusetts Bay Colony due to dissatisfaction and settled in the Connecticut River Valley. In 1639, three settlements joined to form a unified government creating a document called the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut, the first written constitution in America. King Charles II officially united Connecticut as a single colony in 1662.
 

1636Rhode Island. Roger Williams was banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony and founded Providence. Anne Hutchinson was also banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony and she settled Portsmouth. Two additional settlements were also formed in the area. All 4 settlements received a charter from England creating their own government eventually called Rhode Island.
 

1662King Charles II officially united Connecticut as a single colony
 

1679New Hampshire. John Mason received land in the North Colonies which formed the Massachusetts Bay Colony. John Mason eventually formed New Hampshire when the region was given a royal charter in 1679
 

1686Formation of the Dominion of New England - King James II combines the colonies of Connecticut, Massachusetts Bay Colony, Plymouth, Rhode Island, New York, New Hampshire, East Jersey and West Jersey into a single colony: The Dominion of New England, see Charter Colonies for additional info
 

1688King James II appoints Sir Edmund Andros to serve as Captain General and Governor in Chief of New England (North Colonies). Sir Edmund Andros causes dissension with the colonists as he does not have to answer to any elected assembly
 
 

16881688 - 1763 The French and Indian Wars between France and Great Britain for lands in North America
 

1689Mar 1689 Glorious Revolution Sparks Revolt in the colonies. Boston militiamen seize Governor-in-Chief Andros and put him in jail. The North colonies begin to re-establish governments. Jacob Leisler (1640-1691) was a German immigrant who led the insurrection against local colonial officials from 1689 to 1691 in colonial New York
 

1691Plymouth joined with the Massachusetts Bay Colony
 

1691Salem Witchcraft Trials - Hysteria over witchcraft accusations consumes Salem Village, Massachusetts
 

16961696 Salutary Neglect. The British government establishes the Board of Trade to oversee colonial policies practicing a policy of "Salutary Neglect," in which it gives the colonies considerable freedom in economic matters.
 

1722Wabanaki-New England War of 17221725 aka Father Rale's War or Lovewell's War in Maine
 

1763The Royal Proclamation of 1763 was issued October 7, 1763 bringing the introduction of the massive boundary, which was the Proclamation Line between the colonies and Indian Territories
 

17651765 The Stamp Act of 1765 

1765The Sons of Liberty was an an organization (a secret society) formed by American Patriots who opposed British measures against the colonists, and agitated for resistance
 

17671767 Townshend Acts
 

1770March 5, 1770: The Boston Massacre during which British troops killed 5 Boston civilians.
 

1773Tea Act
 

1774December 16: The Boston Tea Party - Massachusetts patriots dressed as Mohawk Indians protested against the British Tea Act
 

1775The American Revolution (1775- 1783) started when shots were fired at the Battle of Concord
 

1776A document declaring the US to be independent of the British Crown was signed on July 4, 1776, by the congressional representatives of the 13 Colonies
 
The North Colonies Timeline
The North Colonies Timeline - 1607 to 1776

North Colonies
The North Colonies article provides important information and interesting facts at a glance about the New England Colonies including the date the colonies were established, the systems of government, religions, details of trade and the economic activities in the North Colonies. The names of important people associated with the founding and establishment of the North Colonies. A helpful, illustrated educational resource for teachers, kids and children.

 

North Colonies

  • Interesting Facts and information via the North Colonies
  • North Colonies history timeline
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Colonial America - The Land of the Brave

 

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