History of the Colonization of America and the original 13 Colonies
Massachusetts Colony: The Establishment and Settlement of the 13 original colonies
The Massachusetts Colony The Massachusetts Colony was one of the original 13 colonies located on the Atlantic coast of North America. The original 13 colonies were divided into three geographic areas consisting of the New England, Middle and Southern colonies. The Massachusetts Colony was classified as one of the New England Colonies. The Province of Massachusetts was an English colony in North America that existed from 1630 until 1776, when it joined the other 12 of the 13 colonies in rebellion against Great Britain and became the U.S. state of Massachusetts.
Founding of the Massachusetts Colony When was the colony of Massachusetts founded? The Massachusetts Colony was founded in 1630 by John Winthrop and other Puritans, at Massachusetts Bay.
The Naming of the Massachusetts Colony Name of an Algonquian tribe meaning “At the Great Hill.”
Information and Facts with the Massachusetts Colony Fact File The first maps and records were made by John Smith in 1614. Permanent occupation of the colony dates from the voyage of the "Mayflower," which brought over a hundred men, women and children. Sir Ferdinando Gorges became the leader in founding Maine. Fast facts and interesting information about the founding, establishment, geography, climate, religion, history, natural resources, raw material, industries (refer to Colonial Times) and the famous historical people associated with the Massachusetts Colony of Colonial America. Information and facts at a glance about the Massachusetts Colony via this fast fact file.
Major Towns / Cities: Boston, Quincy, Plymouth, Salem, Lexington, Concord
Major Industries: Agriculture (fishing, corn, livestock), Manufacturing (lumbering, shipbuilding).
Geography: Jagged coast and hills. The basic geography of New England consisted of mountains thick with trees, rivers and poor rocky soil that was difficult to farm and unsuitable for crops
Climate: New England was the coldest of the three regions, mild and short summers leading to long, cold winters but less disease than in the warmer colonies
Religion: There was no religious freedom in the areas inhabited by the Puritans as they did not tolerate any other form of religion. Refer to Religion in the Colonies
Natural Resources: Fish, whales, forests. Imported agricultural products from other colonies. Farming was difficult for crops like wheat because of the poor soil but corn, pumpkins, rye, squash and beans were raised
Economics and Trade: Concentrated in manufacture and focussed on town life and industries such as ship building and the manufacture and export of rum
Government: By 1775 Massachusetts was governed as a royal province while operating under a charter
Original Name: The original name of the colony was the Province of Massachusetts Bay, later Massachusetts and Maine
In towns along the coast, the colonists made their living fishing, whaling, and shipbuilding. Whale oil was a valuable resource as it could be used in lamps.
Farming was difficult for crops like wheat because of the poor soil but corn, pumpkins, rye, squash and beans were planted.
Massachusetts Colony The Massachusetts Colony article provides important information and interesting facts at a glance via the fast Facts File about the Massachusetts Colony including the date the colony were established, geography, history, the system of government, religion, trade and the economic activities in the Massachusetts Colony. The history facts provides the names of important people associated with the founding and establishment of the Massachusetts Colony. An easy, helpful educational resource for teachers, kids and children.
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Massachusetts Colony history and people
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