The Reason for the Wool Act of 1699
The reason England passed the Wool Act of 1699 was indicated in the Act. It was "An Act to prevent the Exportation of Wool out of the Kingdoms of Ireland and England into Forreigne parts and for the Incouragement of the Woollen Manufactures in the Kingdom of England."
"... great Quantities of the like Manufactures have of late been made and are daily increasing in the Kingdom of Ireland and in the English Plantations in America and are exported from thence to Forreigne Marketts, heretofore supplyed from England, which will inevitably sink and lead to the ruine of the Trade and the Woollen Manufactures of this Realm..."
The Purpose of the Wool Act of 1699
The purpose of the Wool Act of 1699 was as follows:
- To ban the export of wool, wool yarn, or wool cloth from the American colonies to markets outside the colonies
- To limit wool production in Ireland
- To restrict the import of woolens and linens created in other areas of the empire
The Effect of the Wool Act of 1699
The effect of the Wool Act of 1699 was to forced all wool and wool products produced by colonies to be sold to England. The English then resold it in all areas of the empire. Each sale generated taxes on these goods.
The Reaction by the colonists to the Wool Act of 1699
The reaction to the Wool Act was anger and resentment. Many colonists opposed the Wool act by buying more flax and hemp to ensure that they would not have to buy clothes from England.
Wool Act - British Laws and Taxes
Discover interesting facts and information about the Taxes in the 13 Colonies, including the Wool Act, which was imposed on the colonists of Colonial America by the British government via parliament. The Wool Act was one of a series of taxes that divided Great Britain and its colonies in America. The role of the legal systems and courts in the colonies included enforcing the laws of Great Britain.
The Colonists Reaction to the Wool Act of 1699
The Wool Act of 1699 was seen as detrimental to Colonial America and sewed the seeds of dissension and rebellion in the colonies. The colonists reaction to the Wool Act led to anger, resentment, dissension and ultimately revolution in Colonial America - the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783) and the Declaration of Independence from Great Britain.