Thomas Dale

Sir Thomas Dale

Picture of Sir Thomas Dale

This article on  the biography and life of Thomas Dale provides facts and information about:

  • Who was Thomas Dale?
  • What was his involvement in the colonization of America in Jamestown
  • Facts, Life and Biography of Thomas Dale and the 'Starving Time'
  • Interesting facts and fast information about Thomas Dale
  • Educational resource for teachers and kids on the colony of Virginia
  • Thomas Dale and the period of Good Order
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Short Biography about Thomas Dale
This article contains a short biography and fast facts and information about Sir Thomas Dale. Who was Thomas Dale and why was he famous? The rule of Thomas Dale and Good Order followed a terrible period in the history of American colonization which is referred to as the Starving Time. The 'Starving Time' referred to the situation at Jamestown in the Colony of Virginia when the Powhatan Confederacy attempted to remove the English from Virginia by starvation. The Powhatan campaign killed all but 60 of the 500 colonists during the winter of 16091610. The early colonists were badly prepared and equipped for a self-sufficient lifestyle. About half of the early colonists were out-of-work "gentlemen". They were not used to physical labor, had little knowledge of farming and had not expected to feed themselves. The terrible experiences of the Starving time could not be repeated. Things had to change. This grave situation led to the rule of Thomas Dale and the period of Good Order.

Facts about Thomas Dale
The following facts about Thomas Dale provide interesting facts and an overview and description of the life and times and his involvement in the colonization of America.

Facts about Thomas Dale

Thomas Dale Fact 1Thomas Dale was born to a wealthy Protestant family in Surrey, England during the Tudor reign of Queen Elizabeth I (1533 1603)
 
 
Thomas Dale Fact 2He received an excellent education and had a good knowledge of languages including, Latin, Dutch and French
 
 
Thomas Dale Fact 3Thomas Dale began a successful military career in England that included serving in the army during the war with Spain, accompanying Robert Devereux (the Queen's favorite) to Ireland and was made captain of a Dutch infantry company in 1603.
 
 
Thomas Dale Fact 4He was member of the Tudor court and used to moving in royal circles including the French court.
 
 
Thomas Dale Fact 5Queen Elizabeth I died in 1603 and was succeeded by King James I (1566 - 1625)Thomas Dale was a close friend of Prince Henry, the son of King James.
 
 
Thomas Dale Fact 6Thomas Dale was knighted by King James I on June 19, 1606 due to his prowess as an army officer for England and the Dutch and his close association with the Stuart royal family.
 
 
Thomas Dale Fact 7This was an exciting period when the early explorers of America were reporting back to England about the New World. On April 10, 1606 King James I of England issued the 1606 First Virginia Charter which created the Virginia Company. Thomas Dale invested in the Virginia Company of London and became keen to visit the new colony that had been established in Jamestown, Virginia in 1607.
 
 
Thomas Dale Fact 8News came to England of the problems being encountered at the new Virginia colony. In 1611 Prince Henry arranged for a three-year leave of absence from the Dutch army for Thomas Dale, without pay, to serve in Virginia. Sir Thomas Dale married Elizabeth Throckmorton in the same year.
 
 
Thomas Dale Fact 9Sir Thomas Dale was appointed by the Virginia Company of London as the Virginia colony's marshal to take charge of discipline and order. He was also appointed as deputy governor of Virginia, in the absence of Governor De La Warr and Thomas Gates.
 
 
Thomas Dale Fact 10Sir Thomas Dale set sail for Virginia in 1611 with 300 armed British troops.
 
 
Thomas Dale Fact 11When he arrived in the colony of Virginia he used his skills as a soldier to make changes in the colony:
  • A strong defensive palisade (fence) was erected (see the above picture of Jamestown)
  • He established Martial Law and strict military codes
  • He organized the workforce ensuring that crops were planted and seeds sown
  • He gave orders that all livestock that had been sent by the Virginia Company were properly tended
  • Any disobedience from the colonists were to be met with severe corporal punishment or even the death penalty
 
Thomas Dale Fact 12If a man refused to work, Dale made a slave of him for 3 years. If a man did not work hard enough, he had him soundly whipped. If a man who stole food he would be tied to a tree and left to starve to death as a warning to others.
 
 
Thomas Dale Fact 13Sir Thomas Dale established a settlement that he named Henricus, in honor of his patron Prince Henry.
 
 
Thomas Dale Fact 14He then turned his attentions to the hostile Native Indians. Sir Thomas Dale and his troops attacked the Appamattuck and Nansemond tribes of Native American Indians. His attacks against the Powhatan Indians eventually led to the end of the first Powhatan War.
 
 

Facts about Thomas Dale

 

Colonial America - The Land of the Brave

 

Facts about Thomas Dale
The following facts about Thomas Dale provide interesting facts and an overview and description of the life and times and his involvement in the colonization of America.

Facts about Thomas Dale

Thomas Dale Fact 15Sir Thomas Dale established a settlement that he named Henricus, in honor of his patron Prince Henry.
 
 
Thomas Dale Fact 16As the colonists learned to work with the new regulations he granted three acres of land to each man and allowed them time to work on their own land.
 
 
Thomas Dale Fact 17Pocahontas: Samuel Argall, who would later become deputy governor of Virginia, captured Pocahontas, the daughter of Chief Powhatan, and held for ransom. In 1613 and she was taken to Jamestown where she converted to Christianity.
 
 
Thomas Dale Fact 18Pocahontas: During her time spent during captivity Pocahontas became pregnant. There were rumors that Sir Thomas Dale might have been the father. Her son was of mixed race, and was named Thomas.
 
 
Thomas Dale Fact 19Pocahontas: During her pregnancy Pocahontas was sent from Jamestown to live in Henricus. This settlement was less secure than Jamestown, so the reason for this change could have been that Sir Thomas Dale wanted to keep the pregnancy secret from the colonists.
 
 
Thomas Dale Fact 20Pocahontas: The following dates appear to 'scotch' the rumor about Pocahontas and Sir Thomas Dale. Pocahontas married John Rolfe on April 5, 1614. Her son, Thomas Rolfe, was said to have been born on January 30, 1615, although there were no written records kept to confirm this date.
 
 
Thomas Dale Fact 21Although no gold or silver was found in Virginia it was rich in iron ore. Thomas Dale sent samples of the iron to England. The Iron industry subsequently became one of the greatest sources of wealth in the New England colonies.
 
 
Thomas Dale Fact 22Thomas Dale stayed on in Virginia for longer than the intended 3 years. The town of Bermuda Hundred was settled in 1613 by Sir Thomas Dale. He returned to England aboard the Treasurer, accompanied by John Rolfe, Pocahontas and their son Thomas Rolfe in 1616.
 
 
Thomas Dale Fact 23The arrival of the Virginian colonists and their news of the crops and natural resources available in the New World boosted the belief in the English Colonization of America and attracted more investors.
 
 
Thomas Dale Fact 24Sir Thomas Dale never returned to Virginia. But in 1617 he was given full pay for the his service in the American colony.
 
 
Thomas Dale Fact 25In 1618 Thomas Dale led an English force against Dutch soldiers in the East Indies where he took control of Dutch trading posts.
 
 
Thomas Dale Fact 26August 9, 1619: Thomas Dale died of fever in Masulipatam, on the southeast coast of India where he was buried.
 
 

Facts about Thomas Dale

Thomas Dale
The life and biography of Thomas Dale is presented in a short, easy fact file format that is highly suitable for kids. The facts about  are a fast and accurate way to gain a good understanding of the life of this famous man who played a major role in the colonization of America. The facts include the major events in the life of Thomas Dale together with important dates and details of his family.

 

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Colonial America - The Land of the Brave

 

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