The Backcountry 1750 - The Cumberland Gap
The Cumberland gap was discovered by Dr. Thomas Walker in 1750. The Cumberland gap is a pass through the Cumberland Mountain region of the Appalachian Mountains and is located just north of the spot where the modern states of Kentucky, Tennessee and Virginia meet. The Cumberland Gap pass was named in honor of Prince William, Duke of Cumberland, is 12 miles long (19 km) and was formed naturally by an ancient creek.
Map showing the Cumberland Gap in the Backcountry
The Backcountry 1763 - Treaties with the Native American Indians
The year of 1763 was a momentous one in American History. 1763 marked the end of the French and Indian Wars (1688-1763). The British were the victors and France ceded its North American territory to Great Britain. The British immediately issued the Royal Proclamation of 1763 which was designed to calm the fears of Native Indians by halting the westward expansion by colonists. The controversial Proclamation Line along the Appalachian Mountains and Backcountry resulted in a massive border, or Boundary Line to safeguard Indian lands and territories and repay the Native Indians who had helped the British during the war. The boundary line was quickly adjusted due to the vehement protests of the colonists and a series of treaties were made with Backcountry Native American Indians. The Peace treaties with the Native Indians attracted settlers deeper into the mountains of the backcountry to upper east Tennessee, northwestern North Carolina, upstate South Carolina and central Kentucky.
The Backcountry 1769 - Daniel Boone and the Cumberland Gap
Daniel Boone is one of the most famous of all the American frontiersmen. In 1769 Daniel Boone traveled along the wilderness trails and through the Cumberland Gap into Kentucky with five other frontiersmen and explorers. It was Daniel Boone who blazed the "Wilderness Road" through the Appalachians into Kentucky opening the Backcountry to more European immigrants
Daniel Boone Escorting Settlers through the Cumberland Gap in the Backcountry