The Road to Revolution

Sons of Liberty - The Road to Revolution

This article on the Road to Revolution provides information about the injustices and events that led the American colonists down the Road to Revolution and independence from the British

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The Road to Revolution :The American Revolutionary War, the soldiers and the famous battles of the conflict

The Road to Revolution
Great Britain had ousted the other European countries from North America. The British were in control, North America was added to the British empire and American colonists were subject to British rule, British Laws and British Taxes.

American Road to Revolution
Following their victory over France in the French and Indian Wars  the British were faced with clearing a massive War Debt. Great Britain set about clearing the debt by taking various actions in the British Colonies following the Peace Treaty of Paris 1763. Additional taxes were levied on the American colonists, there were objections and dissension - the actions of Great Britain were leading America down the Road to Revolution. 

Road to Revolution Begins
Great Britain issued the Proclamation of 1763 that was designed to appease the Native Indians by halting the westward expansion by colonists whilst expanding the highly lucrative fur trade. The colonists in America believed that the British King had sided with the Native Americans, against the interests of the settlers. This is one of the first British actions that led the Americans to take the Road to Revolution and Independence from British rule.

 

Continental Army Soldiers

The Road to Revolution
American soldiers

 

Colonial America - The Land of the Brave

 

The Road to Revolution & the Struggle for Independence
The Royal Proclamation of 1763 resulted in a massive border, or boundary, referred to as the Proclamation Line that ran west of the Appalachian Mountains and south of Hudson Bay to Florida. The colonial governors were ordered not to grant land or allow settlements to be made west of the Proclamation Line. Great Britain then increased the British army in North America in order to take possession of the new territory and build defences along the Proclamation Line. Then, adding insult to injury the British passed a law called the 1765 Quartering Act demanding that British troops were to be given food and shelter at the expense of the American colonists. New taxes were then levied on the American colonists and British policies changed to the detriment of the colonists. There were objections and dissension but the actions and attitudes of Great Britain were leading America down the Road to Revolution and the struggle for Independence...

Map British North America 1763 - 1775

Map British North America 1763 - 1775

The Road to Revolution & the Struggle for Independence
This overview describes many of these incidents that occurred on the Road to Revolution. Refer to Causes of the American Revolutionary War for a comprehensive article on this subject - we have detailed 38 separate causes of the War of Independence. The following chart details some of the major events that led the American colonists down the Road to Revolution.

 

The Road to Revolution & Struggle for Independence

The Road to Revolution Fact 1The British  had gained victory in the French and Indian Wars which had lasted for 75 years, the final conflict was the French Indian War from 1754 to 1763.

 

 
The Road to Revolution Fact 2The British incurred a massive war debt and raise revenue from the American colonies to help reduce the debts.

 

 
The Road to Revolution Fact 3The British decided to keep, and increase the standing army in America, and meet the costs of this by taxing the colonists and making them pay for the food and lodgings of the hated Redcoats
 
 
The Road to Revolution Fact 4The British reversed its policy of Salutary Neglect enabling them  to tighten their control in America and enforce the Navigation Acts and other laws that existed and imposing new taxes on goods
 
 
The Road to Revolution Fact 5Great Britain then imposed new taxes on goods. The 1689 English Bill of Rights had put into place a constitutional form of government in which the rights and liberties of the individual  were protected under English law. The Americans argued that they were not afforded the same rights.
 
 
The Road to Revolution Fact 6The most notorious of the new taxes was the Stamp Act of 1765 which imposed taxes on legal papers, newspapers and pamphlets.
 
 
The Road to Revolution Fact 7The colonists reacted violently and refused to pay the Stamp tax, and the British Parliament repealed it the following year. Refer to the  Reaction to the Stamp Act
 
 
The Road to Revolution Fact 8Violent opposition and the Reaction to the Stamp Act resulted in the British repealing the act in 1766
 
 
The Road to Revolution Fact 9The American colonists denied the right of the British Parliament to tax them. Britain disagreed and determined to establish its right and authority over the American colonies passed the Townshend Acts that placed taxes on items imported by the colonists including glass, lead, paints, paper and tea
 
 
The Road to Revolution Fact 10The American colonists refused to buy imported British goods, and
Parliament repealed all the Townshend duties except the tax on tea...
 
 
The Road to Revolution Fact 11The American colonists reaction to the Tea Act was to boycott British goods. They would not order tea from London but the the East India Company was still allowed to send it. Five towns to which the tea was sent the tea back or destroyed it.
 
 
The Road to Revolution Fact 12In 1773 Massachusetts patriots called the Sons of Liberty, dressed as Mohawk Indians, protesting against the British Tea Act and destroyed the tea loaded on ships in Boston Harbor. This act of defiance became known as the Boston Tea Party
 
 
The Road to Revolution Fact 13The British Parliament responded by attempting to punish Massachusetts by passing a series of laws which the American called the Intolerable Acts.
 
 
The Road to Revolution Fact 14The actions by the British led to the calling and the meeting of the First Continental Congress.
 
 
The Road to Revolution Fact 15All of the 13 American colonies became united by the establishment of the Committees of Correspondence that communicated the dangers of 'taxation without representation' to all Americans
 
 
The Road to Revolution Fact 16In accordance with one of the Intolerable Acts, General Gage became governor of Massachusetts in 1774
 
 
The Road to Revolution Fact 17General Gage realized that the colonists were gathering stores and
cannon. He attempted to destroy the stores, and this brought on the Battle of Lexington and the Battle of Concord, which opened the American War for Independence.
 
 
The Road to Revolution Fact 18The Road to Revolution had reached its destination
 
 

The Road to Revolution & Struggle for Independence

 

Road to Revolution

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Colonial America - The Land of the Brave

 

The Road to Revolution - The American Revolutionary War
The Road to Revolution and the Struggle for Independence. We hope that this article providing a Road to Revolution will assist in your studies or homework and that you will enjoy watching the videos featuring many pictures of the colonists. A great educational resource for kids on the subject of Road to Revolution.

 

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