History of the Battles, Conflicts and Soldiers of the American Revolution War
The Redcoats: The American Revolutionary War, the soldiers and the famous battles of the conflict
This article contains fast facts and information about the Redcoats. Who were the British Redcoats who fought during the American Revolutionary War? What did the uniforms of different Redcoats look like? Definition of Redcoats: The Redcoats refer to British soldiers, especially during the American Revolutionary War, who were so-called because of their red coats and uniforms that were worn by the majority of regiments.
The British Redcoats - The King's Shilling...
The common soldiers who made up the majority of British Redcoats had a hard life in the British army. The pay was so poor that most of the regulars had been 'persuaded' to join the army by recruiting squads. Every regiment in the British Army had a recruiting squad whose job was to increase the numbers of soldier in their regiment. They used any method they could think of to accept the 'King's shilling'. The King's Shilling was the bonus given by the crown for enlisting in the British army. The favorite haunt of the recruiters, dressed in ordinary clothes, were the pubs and inns. They would get unsuspecting young men totally intoxicated. The next day they would find they had accepted the 'King's Shilling' - they were to join the regiment as one of the new redcoats. There are stories that the "King's shilling" was hidden in the bottom of pewter tankards and having drunk his pint, the poor man found that he had unwittingly accepted the King's offer - this gave rise to the introduction of glass-bottomed tankards. These new redcoats had no choice in the matter - the alternative was the death sentence. Another source for new supplies of Redcoats were the British courts - for many offences a judge would commute a prisoner's sentence to enlistment with the Redcoats. Acceptance of the 'King's Shilling' meant enlistment for life!
The British Redcoats - Pay
The Redcoats pay was extremely poor. After stoppages or deductions they were left with about 8 pence per day - the equivalent pay at today's rate would be about 25 cents. The stoppages included deductions for food, their uniforms, for washing, for the paymaster, for the surgeon and for a host of useless and unmilitary fopperies.
The British Redcoats - Discipline
The new Redcoats were understandably resentful - the British Army addressed this issue but instigating a strict regime of discipline. Even the most minor infringements were treated with severe corporal punishment such as public flogging - the number of lashes were determined by the commander of the redcoats regiment. To be found guilty of stealing or desertion had only one sentence - death by hanging.
The British Redcoats - Morale
The imposition of strict discipline ensured that the British Redcoats 'toed to the line'. But their commanders and officers had to address the question of morale. They did this by instilling a deep sense of pride in the regiment and a strong sense of identity and comradeship. Every one of the Redcoats learnt about the history and victories of their regiment. They knew the names of the heroes of previous battles and the deeds of bravery and valor. Morale was also boosted by the wives of the Redcoats who were allowed to accompany their husbands. The women of the Redcoats supported their men and helped with cooking, sewing, mending, washing and nursing the soldiers.
The British Redcoats - The Uniforms of the Redcoats
The uniforms of the Redcoats were kept in the very best of order at all times. Hours were spent each day ensuring that the Uniforms of the Recoats were spotless. The uniforms of the Redcoats were inspected on a daily basis and each commander ensured his soldiers were immaculate when they went into battle. Just as soldiers in today's armies their boost had to be highly polished, as were the brass buttons on the uniforms and their arms. All white facings which included the cross belt, waist belt, carriage box and gaiters had to be whitened with pipe clay. The pipe clay was applied to the white gaiters which were put on whilst they were still wet to insure they fit tight as they dried.
|Redcoats - Grenadier||Redcoats - Foot Soldiers||Redcoats - British Infantry Officer|
The British Redcoats - Why were the Uniforms Red?
Why were the jackets of the British Redcoats RED? The adoption of redcoats for the uniforms of British soldiers started in February 1645, when the Parliament of England passed the New Model Army ordinance. The color red was chosen because red dye was one of the cheapest to produce. Roots of the madder plant were dried, crushed and hulled to produce cheap red dye which was used to color wool to make the 'Redcoats'. Due to different dyeing techniques and the continual soaking and drying of uniforms the range of reds in the Redcoats uniforms often differed. The coats of Officers were often dyed with the more expensive Cochineal dyes, giving a more vibrant color. The High visibility of the striking Recoats was not considered a military disadvantage, quite the reverse. In the days of the musket and black powder the visibility on the battlefield was quickly obscured by clouds of smoke. The bright Redcoats provided a means of quickly distinguishing friend from foe reducing losses due to 'friendly fire'. The first uniforms were coats of Venetian red with white facings. However, as time moved on the red coats were lined with contrasting colors and different colored 'facings' (lapels, cuffs and collars) that provided distinctive regimental uniforms. The pictures of Redcoats during the American Revolutionary War take on an interesting perspective and often show that the redcoats also mingled with the bluecoats of the Hessians.
British Revolutionary Forces - The Redcoats and the Hessians
The British Redcoats were supported by over 30,000 Hessian soldiers were hired to fight against the American rebels and made up about a quarter of the British fighting force in America - the Hessians had their own blue uniforms.
Hessian Soldiers and Mercenaries
Facts and information about Redcoats
History of the Redcoats
Fast Facts and info about the British Redcoats
Pictures of Redcoats and their uniforms - a great history resource for kids
Social Studies Homework help for kids on the Redcoats