Maryland Colony

Cotton Plantation - Maryland Colony

Cotton Plantation - Maryland Colony

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New England ColoniesMiddle
Southern Colonies
American Colonies IndexFirst 13 Colonies

History of the Colonization of America and the original 13 Colonies

Maryland: The Establishment and Settlement of the 13 original colonies

The Maryland Colony
The Maryland Colony was one of the original 13 colonies located on the Atlantic coast of North America. The original 13 colonies were divided into three geographic areas consisting of the New England, Middle and Southern colonies. The Maryland Colony was classified as one of the Southern Colonies. The Province of Maryland was an English colony in North America that existed from 1633 until 1776, when it joined the other 12 of the 13 colonies in rebellion against Great Britain and became the U.S. state of Maryland.

Founding of the Maryland Colony
When was the colony of Maryland founded? The Maryland Colony was founded in 1633 by George Calvert, Lord Baltimore and other colonists, at Baltimore.

The Naming of the Maryland Colony
King Charles I of England specified that the name for the new colony was to be called Maryland in honor of his wife, Queen Henrietta Maria.


Map of 13 Colonies Chart

Information and Facts with the Maryland Colony Fact File
Fast facts and interesting information about the founding, establishment, geography, climate, religion, history, natural resources, raw material, industries (refer to Colonial Times) and the famous historical people associated with the Maryland Colony of Colonial America. Information and facts at a glance about the Maryland Colony via this fast fact file.

Maryland Colony Fact File

FactsSubjectFacts about the Maryland Colony 
Fact 1History

Year Founded: 1633 by Lord Baltimore and others as a refuge for English Catholics, at Baltimore

Fact 2Cities

Major Towns / Cities: Baltimore, Annapolis

Fact 3Industries

Major Industries: Manufacturing (shipbuilding, iron works), Agriculture (corn, wheat, rice, indigo). The Maryland Legislature passed an “Act for the Encouragement of an Iron Manufacture within this Province” in 1719

Fact 4Geography

Geography of Maryland: Coastal plains, peidmont plateau, and the Blue Ridge, separated by the Chesapeake Bay

Fact 5Climate

Climate: The Southern colonies were the warmest of the three regions, winters not difficult to survive, but the hot and humid summers gave rise to the spread of disease. The warm climate made it possible to grow crops throughout the year and was ideally suited for plantations

Fact 6Climate

Climate: The warm climate made it possible to grow crops throughout the year and was ideally suited for plantations

Fact 7Religion

Religion: Not dominated by a specific religion which gave way to religious freedom for Baptists, Catholics, Anglicans and others. Refer to Religion in the Colonies

Fact 8Raw

Natural Resources: Fish, forests (timber) and good agricultural land. Farming and Plantations were  important. Exported agricultural products to other colonies

Fact 9Economy

Economics and Trade: Concentrated on agriculture and developed the plantations exporting tobacco, cotton, corn, vegetables, grain, fruit and livestock

Fact 10Government

Government: By 1775 Maryland was governed as a Proprietary Colony.

Fact 11Geography

Geography: Maryland is about 250 miles long and 90 miles wide with approximately 9,837 square miles of land area

Fact 12Religion

Religion: Religious toleration, which already existed by charter, was further established by a law of the Maryland Assembly, of April 2, 1649

Fact 13History

Original Name: The original name of the colony was the Province of Maryland (later Maryland)

Fact 14History

Reason for Founding: Religious freedom, especially for Catholics

Fact 15Economy

The Southern Colonies had the largest slave population who worked on the plantations. Plantations grew cotton, tobacco, rice, sugar, indigo (a purple dye), and other crops

Fact 16Economy

Some of the plantations were massive and consisted of the main house, slave quarters, a dairy, blacksmith's shop, laundry, smokehouse and barns which made the plantations to large degree, self-sufficient

Fact 17Economy

Crops were traded for items that could not be produced on the plantations including shoes, lace, thread, farm tools and dishes

Fact 18History

Maryland was originally founded as a haven for those who were Catholic. However, the land prices were so cheap that Protestants also flocked to Maryland which caused much division with the colonists

Fact 19History

1763 - Legal battles were settled by a survey, which resulted in the Mason-Dixon line, surveyed by Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon, establishing Maryland's northern boundary

Fact 20Trade / Exports

Trade in the Southern colonies included Tobacco, cotton, rice, indigo (dye), lumber, furs, farm products - refer to Colonial Times

Fact 21History

Maryland was the 7th of the original 13 colonies to become a state April 28, 1788. For additional facts and info refer to the Change from Colonies to States


FactsSubjectFacts about the Maryland Colony 

Maryland Colony Fact File

Maryland Colony

The Maryland Colony article provides important information and interesting facts at a glance via the fast Facts File about the Maryland Colony including the date the colony were established, geography, history, the system of government, religion, trade and the economic activities in the Maryland Colony. The history facts provides the names of important people associated with the founding and establishment of the Maryland Colony. An easy, helpful educational resource for teachers, kids and children.

Maryland Colony

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