John Hawkins Facts

Picture of Sir John Hawkins

Picture of the explorer John Hawkins

This article on  the biography and life of John Hawkins provides facts and information about:

  • Who was John Hawkins?

  • The pioneer of the British slave trade

  • Life and Biography of John Hawkins

  • Fast information and interesting facts about John Hawkins

  • Potatoes were first imported to England from the Americas by John Hawkins

  • The cousin of Francis Drake

  • Educational resource for teachers and kids

Explorers & Discovery of America
American Colonies Index

History of the Famous Explorers and the Discovery of America

The discovery of America and the brave explorers like Sir John Hawkins who led the way for the early colonists

Facts about John Hawkins
The following Fact File contains fast information about the life of John Hawkins. Interesting facts and an overview and description of the life and times and his involvement in the Exploration and the discovery of the New World leading to the colonization of America.

Facts about John Hawkins

 John Hawkins Fact 1Why was John Hawkins famous and what part of America did he explore? John Hawkins carried cargoes of negro slaves from Africa to the West Indies and sold them to the Spanish planters
 John Hawkins Fact 2John Hawkins is often considered to be the pioneer of the British slave trade, because he was the first to run the Triangular trade route across the Atlantic, making a profit at every stop. 
 John Hawkins Fact 3When was John Hawkins born? He was born on c.1532
 John Hawkins Fact 4What was his country of origin and where was John Hawkins born? He was born in Plymouth, Devon, England
 John Hawkins Fact 5John Hawkins came from a wealthy merchant and shipbuilding family and was well educated.
 John Hawkins Fact 6John Hawkins was the father of explorer Sir Richard Hawkins and the cousin of Sir Francis Drake 
 John Hawkins Fact 7John Hawkins was brought up in the Devon port of Plymouth. He had an excellent education which included cartography, navigation, astronomy, mathematics and seamanship
 John Hawkins Fact 8The business interests of his family made John Hawkins suitable to undertaking voyages of discovery searching for new trade and new trade routes
 John Hawkins Fact 9John Hawkins made his first voyage to the West Indies in 1561
 John Hawkins Fact 10in 1562 John Hawkins hijacked a Portuguese slave ship and trades the slaves in the Caribbean

John Hawkins Slave Ship

John Hawkins Slave Ship

 John Hawkins Fact 11This event began the beginning England's participation in the slave trade in the New World
 John Hawkins Fact 12The news of John Hawkins profitable venture in the slave trade attracts the interest of other English investors and a syndicate backs his next voyage in 1563 to Hispaniola (Jamaica). Potatoes were first imported to England from the Americas by John Hawkins.
 John Hawkins Fact 13Another successful voyage and Queen Elizabeth I takes a share in the syndicate and loans him one of her ships
 John Hawkins Fact 14In 1568 he fights the Spanish at the Battle of Vera Cruz and then in Mexico. The Battle of San Juan de Ulua in September 1568, where a small fleet captained by Hawkins and his cousin Sir Francis Drake was ambushed and almost annihilated
 John Hawkins Fact 15He becomes a privateer working on behalf of the Queen attacking Spanish treasure ships
 John Hawkins Fact 16John Hawkins returned to England in 1577 and started to build new English war ships due to the on-going threat from the Spanish
 John Hawkins Fact 171588 Jul 29, 1588 - The Spanish Armada: A Spanish fleet of of 132 ships fight England's navy which consists of 34 ships and 163 armed merchant vessels. The English are victorious destroying the Spanish Armada on August 8, 1588
 John Hawkins Fact 18He was knighted for his brave service fighting the Spanish Armada
 John Hawkins Fact 1912 November, 1595: Sir John Hawkins went on another voyage to the Caribbean and died in Puerto Rico

Facts about John Hawkins for Kids

Facts about John Hawkins
This article contains a short biography in a fact file format in date order. Fast facts and information about the life of John Hawkins. Who was John Hawkins and why was he famous? When did he explore the New World of America? Which area of America did John Hawkins explore? Read the fact file that provides fast access to interesting facts for kids about the life of this famous explorer and his place in the history of America.

Defeat Of Sir John Hawkins At The Battle Of San Juan De Ulua 1567

Defeat at the Battle Of San Juan De Ulua 1567

John Hawkins Facts for kids
The life and biography of John Hawkins is presented in a short, easy fact file format that is highly suitable for kids. The facts about  are a fast and accurate way to gain a good understanding of the life of this famous man who played a major role in the Discovery of America. The facts include the major events in the life of the famous English explorer together with important dates and details of his family. For additional facts for kids and information refer to the additional articles including:

Discovery of America - the Explorers of America

Mercator World Map

The Exploration & Discovery of America - The Geradus Mercator World Map


John Hawkins

  • Life, Biography and fast, interesting fun, facts for kids

  • Life History Biography and fun facts

  • Fast Facts and info about this famous explorer for kids

  • The biography is a great history resource for kids

  • Social Studies Homework help for kids on this famous explorer

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