John Carver

Landing at Plymouth Rock

Picture of the Landing at Plymouth Rock

This article on  the biography and life of John Carver provides facts and information about:

  • Who was John Carver?
  • John Carver, the first Governor of the Plymouth Settlement
  • Life and Biography of John Carver
  • Interesting facts and fast information about John Carver
  • Educational resource for teachers and kids about the Plymouth Settlement
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The colonization of America and facts about the life of John Carver the first Governor of the Plymouth Settlement

Facts about John Carver
John Carver was famous as the first Governor of the Plymouth Settlement. The following facts about John Carver provide interesting facts and an overview and description of the life and times and his involvement in the early colonization of America and the Plymouth Settlement.

Facts about John Carver

John Carver Fact 1John Carver was famous as one of the Pilgrim Fathers and a leader and the first Governor of the Plymouth Settlement who travelled on the Mayflower ship to America.

Mayflower in Plymouth Harbor

The Mayflower in Plymouth Harbor

John Carver Fact 2When was John Carver born? He was born in 1576
John Carver Fact 3Where was John Carver born? He was born in London, England
John Carver Fact 4John Carver was a wealthy London merchant who became interested in new religious ideas
John Carver Fact 5He joined the Protestant Separatist movement and travelled from England to Holland to avoid religious persecution under King James I.
John Carver Fact 6John Carver settled in Leiden in Holland and married Catherine (White) Leggatt sometime after 1599. They had 2 children but they both died in infancy
John Carver Fact 7Whilst in Leiden, John Carver met many other Puritans (Separatists) who believed in a pure Christian church, with no vestige of the Catholic religion.
John Carver Fact 8A group of the dissenting Puritans, Separatists, had met in the north of England and shared a meeting place at Scrooby Manor but left England for Holland to escape religious prosecution.
John Carver Fact 9John Carver shared the same beliefs and religion of the Scrooby Separatists and joined their community in Leiden
John Carver Fact 10John Carver and Robert Cushman, the Puritan Chief Agent, went to London to act as agents on behalf of the congregation.
John Carver Fact 11They obtained a patent was secured from the Virginia Company in the name of John Wincob on June 9, 1619. The  charter was granted with the condition that the Leiden group's religion would not receive official recognition
John Carver Fact 12John Carver and Robert Cushman were also given the responsibility to secure supplies and provisions for the arduous voyage
John Carver Fact 13By 1619, 2 ships called the Mayflower and Speedwell, were leased to take the Leiden separatists, including John Carver, to North America
John Carver Fact 14September 6, 1620: The Mayflower left Plymouth bound for North America. There were 102 passengers on board, living in cold, and dark conditions
John Carver Fact 15The voyage on the crowded Mayflower would take 66 days.

Facts about John Carver
of the Plymouth Settlement

Short Biography about John Carver
This article contains a short biography and fast facts and information about the early American colonist, John Carver. Who was John Carver and why was he famous?

John Carver meets the Wampanoag and shares a pipe of peace

John Carver meets the Wampanoag and shares a pipe of peace

Facts about John Carver

John Carver Fact 16The passengers were not all Puritans and the voyagers fell into 2 groups referred to as the "Strangers" and the "Saints".
John Carver Fact 17The "Saints" and the "Strangers" realised that if they did not work together, they could all die in the wilderness so they came to an agreement on how they would live in the new colony - the document was signed by the men and was called the Mayflower Compact.
John Carver Fact 18The signers of the Mayflower Compact served as the initial government of the colony by electing a governor, enacting laws and admitting others to membership.
John Carver Fact 19The man who was elected as the Governor was John Carver
John Carver Fact 20The notion of self-government had been established in the colonies by the signing of the Mayflower Compact.
John Carver Fact 21In November of 1620 the Mayflower landed at Plymouth Bay.
John Carver Fact 22One of the leading Puritans, John Carver, was elected the first governor of the Plymouth Settlement
John Carver Fact 23The conditions were terrible and the colonists had to find a way to survive. Some of the men including John Carver and William Bradford volunteered to explore the surrounding areas - an extremely dangerous task
John Carver Fact 24The next two expeditions were made on the Mayflower
John Carver Fact 25December 6, 1620: The explorers located present day Plymouth Bay and found some land that had been previously cleared by Native Indians.
John Carver Fact 26December 20, 1620: The colonists moved to the site of the settlement and started to build the first house on Christmas Day.
John Carver Fact 27A terrible epidemic hit many of the colonists. Forty-five of the 102 Pilgrims died that first winter and were buried on Cole's Hill
John Carver Fact 28March 16, 1621: The first formal contact, led by their Governor John Carver,  with the Native American Indians. The colonists, pledged peace with Wampanoag Native American Indians led by Chief Massasoit.
John Carver Fact 29April 1621: Governor John Carver collapses and dies. John Carver is elected Governor of the Plymouth Settlement
John Carver Fact 30July 1621: The Native American Indians taught the colonists farming techniques and helped them to survive in the colony.
John Carver Fact 31November 1621: The first Thanksgiving was a sad and solemn affair. Only 53 pilgrims were alive to give thanks to God. Only four adult women had survived to celebrate the First Thanksgiving
John Carver Fact 32By 1623 there were 32 houses and 180 residents at the Plymouth Settlement
John Carver Fact 33In 1630 the Massachusetts Colony was established led by Governor John Winthrop
John Carver Fact 341691: The Plymouth Settlement was de-established 1691 

Facts about John Carver
of the Plymouth Settlement

John Carver

The life and biography of John Carver is presented in a short, easy fact file format that is highly suitable for kids. The facts about  are a fast and accurate way to gain a good understanding of the life of this famous man who played a major role in the early colonization of America. The facts include the major events in the life of John Carver together with important dates and details of the colony. For additional facts and information refer to the additional articles including:

13 Colonies Timeline

The John Carver

  • Life and Biography of John Carver & Plymouth Settlement

  • History Biography of the John Carver

  • Fast Facts and info about John Carver and Plymouth Settlement

  • The John Carver biography is a great history resource for kids

  • Social Studies Homework help for kids on the John Carver

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