New England Colonies

History of the Colonization of America and the original 13 Colonies

The New England Colonies: Establishment and Settlement of the 13 original colonies

New England Ship Yard

New England Ship Yard

This article about the New England Colonies provides facts and information at a glance in respect of:

  • Religion in the New England Colonies
  • Government in the New England Colonies
  • Trade and Economic activity in the New England Colonies
  • History Timeline of the New England Colonies
  • Maps of the New England Colonies
Middle ColoniesSouthern Colonies
American Colonies IndexFirst 13 Colonies

Map of New England
The Map highlights the region of New England. The four New England Colonies of Colonial America included the colonies of New Hampshire, Massachusetts Bay Colony, Rhode Island and Connecticut.

Map of Middle Colonies

Map of the 13 Colonies

New England Colonies

Middle Colonies

Southern Colonies
Rhode Island ColonyConnecticut ColonyMassachusetts ColonyNew Hampshire Colony

New England Colonies Chart
The New England Colonies Chart provides important information and interesting facts about each of the 4 Colonies of New England including the date the colony was established, the system of Colonial government, religion, and the names of famous people associated with the founding and establishment each New England colony. The New England Colonies Chart provides the ability to see at a glance the differences between the regions on a chart.

New England Colonies Chart

DateName of Colony
or Settlement
GovernmentReligionTownsFamous
People
1630Massachusetts ColonyCharterPuritanBoston, Quincy, Plymouth, Salem, Lexington and ConcordJohn Winthrop
1636Rhode Island ColonyCharter Religious FreedomProvidence, Portsmouth and NewportRoger Williams
Anne Hutchinson
1636Connecticut ColonyCharter PuritanHartford, New Haven,
Wethersfield and Windsor
Thomas Hooker
1638New Hampshire ColonyRoyalPuritanDover and ExeterJohn Mason
New England Colonies Chart

Facts and Information about the New England Colonies
Facts about the New England Colonies of Colonial America. The New England Colonies are also referred to as the North Colonies:

  • Fact 1 - Geography: The geography of New England consisted of mountains thick with trees, rivers and poor rocky soil that was difficult to farm and unsuitable for crops
  • Fact 2 - Natural Resources: Fish, whales, forests. New England imported agricultural products from other colonies
  • Fact 3 - Religion: No religious freedom as the Puritans did not tolerate any other form of religion
  • Fact 4 - Climate: Coldest of the three regions, mild and short summers leading to long, cold winters but less disease than in the warmer colonies
  • Fact 5 - Trade / Exports: Fish, whale products, ships, timber products, furs, maple syrup, copper, livestock products, horses, rum, whiskey and beer - refer to Colonial Times
  • Fact 6: Farming was difficult for crops like wheat because of the poor soil but corn, pumpkins, rye, squash and beans were raised

New England Colonies Colonies - Economic Activity & Trade
There were considerable differences between the New England, Middle and Southern regions. Economic activities and trade were dependant of the environment in which the Colonists lived. The geography and climate impacted the trade and economic activities of New England Colonies. In the New England towns along the coast, the colonists made their living fishing, whaling, and shipbuilding. The fish included cod, mackerel, herring, halibut, hake,  bass and sturgeon. Whale oil was a valuable resource as it could be used in lamps. Farming was difficult in New England for crops like wheat because of the poor soil but corn, pumpkins, rye, squash and beans were planted. The Northern Colonies of New England concentrated in manufacture and focussed on town life and industries such as ship building and the manufacture and export of rum. See Triangular Trade.

New England in the 1700's

New England in the 1700's - For additional facts and info refer to Colonial Society.

Government in the New England Colonies
All of the systems of government in the New England Colonies elected their own legislature, they were all democratic, they all had a governor, governor's court, and a court system. The government systems used by the New England Colonies were Royal of Charter. Definitions of the government systems are as follows:

  • Royal Government: The Royal Colonies were ruled directly by the English monarchy
  • Charter Government: The Charter Colonies were generally self-governed, and their charters were granted to the colonists.

For additional facts and information refer to Colonial Government.

Religion in the New England Colonies
The religion practised in New England was strictly Puritan and they did not tolerate any other religions - refer to Pilgrims and Puritans and Religion in the Colonies.

Original Names of the New England Colonies
The original names of the New England Colonies were the Province of New Hampshire, later New Hampshire, the Province of Massachusetts Bay, later Massachusetts and Maine, the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, later Rhode Island and the Connecticut Colony, later Connecticut.

  

Colonial America - The Land of the Brave

  

New England Colonies Timeline
Discover interesting  information and facts about the history of the New England colonies. For a more comprehensive history timeline detailing specific events relating to all of the 13 Colonies refer to
Colonial America Time Period. This New England Colonies Timeline provides a list detailing key events and dates of this amazing period in Colonial history. The four New England Colonies of Colonial America included the colonies of New Hampshire, Massachusetts Bay Colony, Rhode Island and Connecticut. A comprehensive list of the key events which are important to the New England Colonies Timeline. Additional interesting information can be found in Facts about the 13 Colonies.

New England Colonies Timeline
New England Colonies Timeline

1620The Pilgrim Fathers, or Pilgrims founded the colony of Plymouth in New England in 1620, located in present-day Massachusetts. The Mayflower Compact was a legal document written by the Pilgrims to specify basic laws and social rules for their new colony.
 

1620The Pilgrims, the founders of Plymouth, arrived in 1620. John Mason and Sir Ferdinando Gorges, the "Father of English Colonization in North America" had received land in northern New England which became the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1628. John Mason eventually formed New Hampshire and the land of Sir Ferdinando Gorges led to Maine. Massachusetts Bay Colony controlled both regions until New Hampshire was given a royal charter in 1679 and Maine was made its own state in 1820.
 

1630The Great Migration - Mass migration of thousands of English people to the Americas that took place between 1630 and 1640.
 

1636Connecticut was initially settled colonists, led by Thomas Hooker, left the Massachusetts Bay Colony due to dissatisfaction and settled in the Connecticut River Valley. In 1639, three settlements joined to form a unified government creating a document called the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut, the first written constitution in America. King Charles II officially united Connecticut as a single colony in 1662.
 

1636Rhode Island. Roger Williams was banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony and founded Providence. Anne Hutchinson was also banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony and she settled Portsmouth. Two additional settlements were also formed in the area. All 4 settlements received a charter from England creating their own government eventually called Rhode Island.
 

16511651 1660 1663 The Navigation Acts. The New England colonies represent a lucrative source of wealth and trade. Navigation Acts regulate colonial trade and enable England to collect duties (taxes)
 

1662King Charles II officially united Connecticut as a single colony
 

1673The Plantation Duty Act
 

1675The Lords of Trade are appointed in England to enforce the new mercantile system and maximize potential profits for England
 

1679New Hampshire. John Mason received land in northern New England which formed the Massachusetts Bay Colony. John Mason eventually formed New Hampshire when the region was given a royal charter in 1679
 

1686Formation of New England - King James II combines the colonies of Connecticut, Massachusetts Bay Colony, Plymouth, Rhode Island, New York, New Hampshire, East Jersey and West Jersey into a single colony: The Dominion of New England.
 

1688King James II appoints Sir Edmund Andros to serve as Captain General and Governor in Chief of New England. Sir Edmund Andros causes dissension with the colonists as he does not have to answer to any elected assembly
 
 

16881688 - 1763 The French and Indian Wars between France and Great Britain for lands in North America
 

1689Feb 13, 1689 The Glorious Revolution. The Protestant William III and Mary II officially replace the Catholic James II as monarchs of England. The English Bill of Rights which enables Parliament to control laws and taxes
 

1689Mar 1689 Glorious Revolution Sparks Revolt in the colonies. Boston militiamen seize Governor-in-Chief Andros and put him in jail. The New England colonies begin to re-establish governments. Jacob Leisler (1640-1691) was a German immigrant who led the insurrection against local colonial officials from 1689 to 1691 in colonial New York
 

1691Plymouth joined with the Massachusetts Bay Colony
 

1691Salem Witchcraft Trials - Hysteria over witchcraft accusations consumes Salem Village, Massachusetts
 

16961696 Salutary Neglect. The British government establishes the Board of Trade to oversee colonial policies practicing a policy of "Salutary Neglect," in which it gives the colonies considerable freedom in economic matters.
 

17071707 The Union between England and Scotland created the 'United Kingdom of Great Britain' and the term British, as opposed to English, is then used in reference to the colonists in North America.
 

1722Wabanaki-New England War of 17221725 aka Father Rale's War or Lovewell's War in Maine
 

1763The Royal Proclamation of 1763 was issued October 7, 1763 bringing the introduction of the massive boundary, which was the Proclamation Line between the colonies and Indian Territories
 

1764Sugar Act
 

17651765 The Stamp Act of 1765 

1765The Sons of Liberty was an an organization (a secret society) formed by American Patriots who opposed British measures against the colonists, and agitated for resistance
 

17671767 Townshend Acts
 

1770March 5, 1770: The Boston Massacre during which British troops killed 5 Boston civilians.
 

1773Tea Act
 

1774December 16: The Boston Tea Party - Massachusetts patriots dressed as Mohawk Indians protested against the British Tea Act
 

1775The American Revolution (1775- 1783) ended the Colonial America Time Period
 

1776A document declaring the US to be independent of the British Crown was signed on July 4, 1776, by the congressional representatives of the 13 Colonies
 
New England Colonies Timeline
New England Colonies Timeline - 1607 to 1776

Map of New England

Map of the New England Colonies

New England Colonies
The New England Colonies article provides important information and interesting facts at a glance about the New England Colonies including the date the colonies were established, the systems of government, religions, details of trade and the economic activities in the New England Colonies. The names of important people associated with the founding and establishment of the New England Colonies. A helpful, illustrated educational resource for teachers, kids and children.

 

New England Colonies

  • Interesting Facts and information via the New England Colonies
  • New England Colonies history timeline
  • Fast Facts and info with the New England Colonies
  • The New England Colonies is great resource for kids
  • Social Studies Homework help for kids on New England Colonies

Colonial America - The Land of the Brave

 

New England Colonies - Colonial America - Facts - Colonists - Chart - Colony - New England Colonies - Map - Table - Summary - Chart - Fast - Information - New England Colonies - Info - Religion - Geography - Natural resources - New England Colonies - Years - Kids - Children - Studies - New England Colonies - Social Studies Teaching resource - Social Studies - History - Teachers - New England Colonies - Facts - New England Colonies - Table - Summary - Fast - Information - New England Colonies - Info - Kids - New England Colonies - Children - Studies - Social Studies Teaching resource - Social Studies - History - Teachers - New England Colonies - Written By Linda Alchin