Government
Laws & Tax
Religion
Trade

 

William Penn

History of the first 13 Colonies and the lives of famous Colonial people

The colonization of America and facts about the life of William Penn the Quaker leader of the Pennsylvania Colony

Early American patriots and colonists

Picture of William Penn

Picture of William Penn

This article on  the biography and life of William Penn provides facts and information about:

  • Who was William Penn?
  • What was his involvement in the early colonization of America?
  • Quaker leader of the Pennsylvania Colony
  • Life and Biography of William Penn
  • Interesting facts and fast information about William Penn
  • Educational resource for teachers and kids about the Pennsylvania Colony
Religious Beliefs & Religions Pennsylvania Colony
Religion in the Colonies Famous Colonists
American Colonies Index
 

Short Biography about William Penn
William Penn (1644-1718) was famous as a Quaker and the leader of the Pennsylvania Colony. He was a land investor and a philosopher who promoted the ideals of religious tolerance. The city of Philadelphia was planned and developed under the direction of William Penn. This article contains a short biography and fast facts and information about the early American colonist, William Penn. Who was William Penn and why was he famous?

William Penn and the Quakers
The Quaker religion was established by 1647 George Fox responding to the need of people who were tired of the "showmanship" of traditional churches. Fox taught the Quakers that that Christ was to be experienced directly and not through a church ritual or minister. The congregations called themselves "Friends", or the the Society of Friends, but the term "Quakers" was applied to the religion to ridicule the way many Quakers shook as they prayed to God. Refer to Religion in the Colonies.

Facts about William Penn
The following facts about William Penn provide interesting facts and an overview and description of the life and times and his involvement in the early colonization of America and the Pennsylvania Colony.

Facts about William Penn

William Penn Fact 1 William Penn was famous as the leader and founder of the Pennsylvania Colony
 
 
William Penn Fact 2 When was William Penn born? He was born on October 14, 1644
 
 
William Penn Fact 3 Where was William Penn born? He was born in Tower Hill, London, England
 
 
William Penn Fact 4 William Penn came from an Anglican family with a strong naval tradition. His father was Admiral Sir William Penn and his mother's name was Margaret Jasper
 
 
William Penn Fact 5 William Penn was well educated and attended at Christ church, Oxford
 
 
William Penn Fact 6 Whilst at Oxford he was converted to Quakerism by the preaching of a disciple of George Fox, named Thomas Loc
 
 
William Penn Fact 7 William Penn was extreme in his new religious fervor and was in 1662 was expelled from Oxford, along with some other Quaker students, for attacking Anglican (Church of England) students
 
 
William Penn Fact 8 William Penn argued with his furious father and sent off to the family estates in Ireland, they argued again on his return and William was sent to Europe in 1661
 
 
William Penn Fact 9 He undertook the grand tour of Europe with the Earl of Crawford. King Louis XIV receives them at the French court.
 
 
William Penn Fact 10 William Penn returned home to England
 
 
William Penn Fact 11 In 1665 he prepared for a career in law at Lincoln's Inn, Chancery Lane, London.
 
 
William Penn Fact 12 The “Five Mile Act” was passed in 1665 prohibited dissenting teachers and preachers to come within that distance of any borough. The Quakers were especially targeted and their meetings were deemed as criminal.
 
 
William Penn Fact 13 In the same year the Great Plague of London occurred and William travels to Ireland to practice laws
 
 
William Penn Fact 14 The following year another disaster struck England - 1666 the Great Fire of London. Penn returned to find the once great city in ruins
 
 
William Penn Fact 15 In 1669 William Penn meets George Fox, the founder of the Quakers, in London. His father nearly disowns him.
 
 

Facts about William Penn
of the Pennsylvania Colony

 

Colonial America - The Land of the Brave

 

Facts about William Penn
The following facts about William Penn provide interesting facts and an overview and description of the life and times and his involvement in the early colonization of America and the Pennsylvania Colony.

Facts about William Penn

William Penn Fact 16 Undeterred William Penn writes the pamphlet "The Sandy Foundation Shaken." He is sent to the Tower of London without trial at the urging of the Bishop of London.
 
 
William Penn Fact 17 William Penn spends 8 months in the Tower of London before he is released
 
 
William Penn Fact 18 In 1672 he married Gulielma Maria Springett, of a well-known Quaker family. His marriage completed his religious commitment.
 
 
William Penn Fact 19 1675 is the year of William Penn's first involvement in colonization. He arbitrates dispute between Quakers in West Jersey and becomes a trustee of West New Jersey
 
 
William Penn Fact 20 With the New Jersey foothold in place, Penn pressed his case to extend the Quaker region in America. King Charles II owed the Penn family 16000 pounds for money loaned him by the admiral. William Penn's father writes to the King asking for land in America as payment.

Birth of Pennsylvania in1680

Birth of Pennsylvania in1680
 

 
William Penn Fact 21 In 1680 King Charles II grants an generous charter which made William Penn the world’s largest non-royal landowner, with over 45,000 square miles of land
 
 
William Penn Fact 22 William Penn wanted to call the land "Sylvania" meaning 'forest land' but the King wanted to recognize Penn's father and insisted it be called "Pennsylvania". Pennsylvania is not, therefore, named after William Penn - it is named after his father.
 
 
William Penn Fact 23 On August 30, 1682 leaves England and sails on the Welcome to Pennsylvania.
 
 
William Penn Fact 24 William Penn travels to the site of Philadelphia and lands at Dock Creek. The city of "Brotherly Love" (or Phil-Adelphia) is established. Philadelphia was the first planned, and surveyed city in the western hemisphere.
 
 
William Penn Fact 25 He makes binding treaties with the Lenape Native Indians. During his lifetime not a single treaty that he had made with the Native tribes was ever broken.
 
 
William Penn Fact 26 In 1684, Penn returns to England from Pennsylvania to visit his family.
 
 
William Penn Fact 27 February  6, 1685 - Charles II dies and the Duke of York takes the throne as King James II of England and declares himself a Catholic.
 
 
William Penn Fact 28 The Glorious Revolution follows in 1689 led to the 1689 English Bill of Rights
 
 
William Penn Fact 29 William Penn is arrested in 1690 for corresponding with the deposed King James II, but is soon released
 
 
William Penn Fact 30 January 13, 1691 George Fox, the founder of the Quakers dies in London. William Penn speaks at his funeral.
 
 
William Penn Fact 28 William Penn is charged with treason and goes into hiding.
 
 
William Penn Fact 29 In 1692, the King William takes Pennsylvania from Penn and places it under the Governor of New York.
 
 
William Penn Fact 30 William Penn is cleared of the treason charge but on February 23, 1694 Gulielma Springett Penn dies.
 
 
William Penn Fact 28 William Penn is given control of Pennsylvania in August 1694 and the colony is returned to his authority
 
 
William Penn Fact 29 He marries Hannah Callowhill, the daughter of a Quaker, on 5 March 1696
 
 
William Penn Fact 30 In 1699 William Penn and his family return to Pennsylvania but soon return to England in 1701
 
 
William Penn Fact 28 In 1707 there is a dispute between a Quaker family from Bristol, called the Fords and William Penn. Philip Ford was a financial advisor  to Penn who is said to have cheated him of many thousands of pounds. Not content with this the Fords foreclose on a loan to Penn and claim Pennsylvania for the Ford family.
 
 
William Penn Fact 29 William Penn is arrested for non-payment of debt in 1708. He is freed in December 1708, after his friends negotiate a deal with the Ford family.
 
 
William Penn Fact 30 In 1712, with debts a constant issue, William Penn attempted to sell Pennsylvania back to the king. During this time he suffered a major stroke leading to a total loss of memory and the inability to speak
 
 
William Penn Fact 28 William Penn died penniless on July 30, 1718 (aged 73) at his home in Ruscombe, near Twyford in Berkshire. He was buried in an unmarked grave next to his first wife in the cemetery of the Jordans Quaker meeting house near Chalfont St Giles in Buckinghamshire, England.
 
 

Facts about William Penn
of the Pennsylvania Colony

William Penn
The life and biography of William Penn is presented in a short, easy fact file format that is highly suitable for kids. The facts about  are a fast and accurate way to gain a good understanding of the life of this famous man who played a major role in the early colonization of America. The facts include the major events in the life of William Penn together with important dates and details of the colony.

 

The William Penn

  • Life and Biography of William Penn & Pennsylvania Colony
  • History Biography of the William Penn
  • Fast Facts and info about William Penn and Pennsylvania Colony
  • The William Penn biography is a great history resource for kids
  • Social Studies Homework help for kids on the William Penn

Colonial America - The Land of the Brave

 

Biography - Colonial America - Pennsylvania Colony - Biography - America - Facts - Great Britain - Colonists - British - England - Biography - Colonies - Biography - Pennsylvania Colony - Life - History Biography - History - Biography - Biography - Life - US - Biography - Biography - Life - History - Biography - Interesting - Information - Info - Biography - Events - Dates - Short - Kids - Children - Biography - Studies - Biography - Life - US - United States - America - USA - Biography - Life - British - Biography - Years - Social Studies Teaching resource - Social Studies - History - Biography - Life - Biography - Teachers - Kids - Biography - Life - Dates - Biography - Famous - Biography - Life - Events - Biography - Pennsylvania Colony - Colonial America - Biography and Facts - Written By Linda Alchin