Facts about Jean Ribault The following Fact File contains fast information about the life of Jean Ribault. Interesting facts and an overview and description of the life and times and his involvement in the Exploration and the discovery of the New World leading to the colonization of America. Refer to the French in America for more info.
Facts about Jean Ribault
Jean Ribault Fact 1
Why was Jean Ribault famous and what part of America did he explore? Jean Ribault explored the Carolina coasts and became a colonizer of what would become Florida in the southeastern United States. The conflict between Jean Ribault and the Spanish was known as the Florida Massacre.
Jean Ribault Fact 2
When was Jean Ribault born? He was born c.1520
Jean Ribault Fact 3
What was his country of origin and where was Jean Ribault born? He was born in Dieppe in France
Jean Ribault Fact 4
Dieppe was an extremely important Renaissance port in which the greatest French seamen, navigators and map makers (cartographers) were based. Dieppe was the home to other famous explorers such as Giovanni da Verrazzano, Samuel de Champlain and Jacques Cartier
Jean Ribault Fact 5
Jean Ribault was raised in the bustling port and joined the French navy under the command of the great Huguenot admiral Gaspard de Coligny. Jean Ribault was also a Huguenot.
Jean Ribault Fact 6
There were violent conflicts about religion in the 1500's, the majority clung to the old Catholic faith. The Huguenots were French Protestants, and hated by the Catholics.
Jean Ribault Fact 7
Gaspard de Coligny secretly worked on protecting his fellow Huguenots by attempting to establish colonies in the New World in which Huguenots could find a refuge
Jean Ribault Fact 8
Admiral Gaspard de Coligny chose Jean Ribault to lead an expedition to the New World to found a colony.
Jean Ribault Fact 9
February 18, 1562: Jean Ribault left Le Havre in France the leader of 2 ships carrying 150 Huguenot soldiers bound for the New World and Florida
Jean Ribault Fact 10
May 1, 1562: Jean Ribault enters the St. Johns River near modern Jacksonville, Florida and erects a stone column claiming the territory for France
Jean Ribault Fact 11
The French expedition sail to the north until they arrive at Port Royal Sound in present-day South Carolina
Jean Ribault Fact 12
Jean Ribault establishes a small settlement on Parris Island, one of the Islands off the South Carolina coast
Jean Ribault Fact 13
They build a small fort at the settlement on Parris Island. The outpost is called Charlesfort in honor of the French King Charles IX.
Jean Ribault Fact 14
June 11, 1562: Jean Ribault leaves 27 men at Charlesfort, gentlemen, soldiers, and mariners, and returns to France for supplies and settlers for the colony. Charlesfort is later abandoned and the men return to France.
Jean Ribault Fact 15
Jean Ribault returns to find the French Wars of Religion had broken out between the Roman Catholic majority and the Protestant Huguenots. He helps the Huguenots in Dieppe but is forced to flee to England
Facts about Jean Ribault for Kids
Facts about Jean Ribault This article contains a short biography in a fact file format in date order. Fast facts and information about the life of Jean Ribault. Who was Jean Ribault and why was he famous? When did he explore the New World of America? Which area of America did Jean Ribault explore? Read the fact file that provides fast access to interesting facts for kids about the life of this famous explorer and his place in the history of America.
St, Augustine, Florida
Facts about Jean Ribault
Jean Ribault Fact 16
Jean Ribault is accused of being a spy and is imprisoned in the Tower of London, where he writes about his experiences in the New World. He is released and returns to France.
Jean Ribault Fact 17
Meanwhile Gaspard de Coligny appoints Ribault's former lieutenant, Rene Goulaine de Laudonniere, to replace Ribault in the North American colonies
Jean Ribault Fact 18
April 22, 1564: Rene Goulaine de Laudonniere sets sail and arrives in Florida 2 months later
Jean Ribault Fact 19
Jean Ribault returns to France from England and is tasked with following him in Spring 1565 with reinforcements and fresh supplies. He is delayed and does not leave France until the summer
Jean Ribault Fact 20
Rene Goulaine de Laudonniere establishes a new colony called Fort Caroline on the banks of the St. Johns River in what is now Jacksonville, Florida. Supplies run short and the settlement is under attack by Native Indians. Many of the men mutiny and Rene Goulaine de Laudonniere decides to return to France.
Jean Ribault Fact 21
August 28, 1565: Jean Ribault with a fleet of 7 ships, fresh supplies and 1000 Huguenot colonists arrive at Fort Caroline. Jean Ribault takes over from Rene Goulaine de Laudonniere as Governor.
Jean Ribault Fact 22
The presence of the French in Florida is noted by the Spanish who believe that they have exclusive claim to Florida. Spain sends Pedro Menéndez de Avilés with an armada with orders to “take the Florida coast.”
Jean Ribault Fact 23
In early September 1565 Pedro Menéndez de Avilés, with a fleet of 5 ships and 800 men, land to the south of Fort Caroline and the Spaniards establish the Spanish settlement of St. Augustine
Jean Ribault Fact 24
On September 10 1565 Jean Ribault took his fleet south to pursue Menéndez de Avilés
Jean Ribault Fact 25
Menéndez de Avilés discovers the plan and sends troops overland to attack the lightly defended Fort Caroline - 140 men were killed and only women and children were spared. Rene Goulaine de Laudonniere and 40 others escape and return to France
Jean Ribault Fact 26
The fleet of Jean Ribault is caught in a terrible hurricane - survivors make it ashore to Daytona Beach. They are tracked down by the Spanish and Ribault, believing his men would be fed and treated decently, surrendered.
Jean Ribault Fact 27
Under the explicit orders of King Philip II of Spain, the prisoners were asked if they were professing Catholics. Those who were Huguenots were killed.
Jean Ribault Fact 28
A similar surrender and mass execution by the Spanish of a smaller group of French Huguenots followed a few days later.
Jean Ribault Fact 29
Jean Ribault and about 350 men were murdered in this dishonorable fashion. The killings are referred to as the Florida Massacre.
Jean Ribault Fact 30
Following the Florida Massacre the French concentrated in building new colonies in the Northern lands of the New World
Facts about Jean Ribault for Kids
Jean Ribault Facts for kids The life and biography of Jean Ribault is presented in a short, easy fact file format that is highly suitable for kids. The facts about are a fast and accurate way to gain a good understanding of the life of this famous man who played a major role in the Discovery of America. The facts include the major events in the life of Jean Ribault together with important dates and details of his family. For additional facts for kids and information refer to the additional articles including:
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