What effect did the Glorious Revolution have on the American Colonies?
The Glorious Revolution had a significant effect on the American colonies. King James II had created as many problems in the American colonies as he had for England. Under the rule of King James II the colonists were under the direct control of the monarch. James II ruled as he saw fit and there was no one to stop him:
- Over half the governments of the colonies were under the direct control of James II
- James II refused to recognized the colonial charters that had been granted to the colonists
- He did not allow American colonists any say over laws and taxes
- As a staunch Catholic, James was attempting to replace Protestant institutions with Catholic ones
- The vast majority of Colonists were Protestants - Only 1.6% of the population were Catholics
- The Protestants detested the Catholics and feared the bloody persecutions they had left behind in Europe
The Glorious Revolution and Rebellion in the American Colonies
The Glorious Revolution was greeted with great joy in England but the results of the Glorious Revolution was also seen as an example for the American colonists. The English had rebelled against the monarchy so why shouldn't the American colonies? A precedent had been set. The effect of the Glorious Revolution on the American Colonies sewed the idea of revolution in the colonies. In Boston Puritan militiamen seized Governor-in-Chief Andros and put him in jail. The New England colonies begin to re-establish governments. Jacob Leisler led the insurrection against local colonial officials from 1689 to 1691 in colonial New York. There was a Protestant Rebellion against the Catholic dominated government in Maryland in 1689. Order returned to the colonies in 1691 when royal authority was re-established. The colonies reverted to their previous forms of government and new charters were eventually issued by King William III and Queen Mary II. The Glorious Revolution and the subsequent revolts in the colonies were precursors to the American Revolution.
Signing Jacob Leisler's Declaration
Summary of Rebellion in the American Colonies sparked by the Glorious Revolution
The Glorious Revolution sparked the following rebellions in the American colonies. These were isolated incidents and they were relatively short-lived.
- Puritans in Boston rebelled against Governor-in-Chief Andros
- Jacob Leisler led a rebellion in colonial New York
The full scale American Revolution only happened when all of the colonies united against British rule.