The 1719 Irish Declaratory Act
The 1719 Irish Declaratory Act declared that the Kingdom of Ireland was subordinate to and dependent upon the British crown, and that the King, with the advice and consent of the Parliament of Great Britain, had "full power and authority to make laws and statutes of sufficient validity to bind the Kingdom and people of Ireland". Section II declared that the House of Lords of Ireland had no jurisdiction to judge, affirm or reverse any judgement, sentence or decree made in any court within the Kingdom of Ireland, and that all proceedings before the House upon any such matter was declared to be null and void to all intents and purposes whatsoever.
Declaratory Act of 1766
The precedent had been set with the 1719 Irish Declaratory Act. The same fate was also meant to apply to America. The Declaratory Act had been passed - its words were law. The Declaratory Act therefore provided the British with a broad mandate to impose laws, and taxes, on the American colonies. Within a year of the passing of the Declaratory Act new trade laws were imposed on America. The new taxes, were introduced by the Townshend Acts of 1767. The Townshend Acts imposed an import tax on such items as glass, lead, paper and tea. And the previous Quartering Acts and Navigation Acts ensured that the British had the structure and the troops to enforce any future taxes. The road to revolution had been paved by these acts, the Townshend Acts of 1767 drove the American colonists further down this route.
Protesting against the Stamp Act