Declaration of Independence Facts

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Declaration of Independence

Facts about the Declaration of Independence

The Declaration of Independence was a document declaring the US to be independent of the British Crown. The Declaration of Independence was signed on July 4, 1776, by the congressional representatives of the Thirteen Colonies.

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The Declaration of Independence Text
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50 Facts about the Declaration of Independence
This article contains 50 fast facts and information about the Declaration of Independence that was signed on July 4, 1776. The Declaration of Independence fact files provides fast access to interesting facts and stats about the most important and most famous event in American history. The facts about the Declaration of Independence also provides interesting facts and information about the people who signed the Declaration of Independence.

Signing the Declaration of Independence

Signing the Declaration of Independence

50 Facts about the Declaration of Independence - Fact File
The following 50 facts about the Declaration of Independence provides interesting facts in the quick, comprehensive format of the Declaration of Independence fact file. The Purpose of the Declaration of Independence was to announce and explain separation from Great Britain. Many of the ideas, ideals
and principles contained in the American Declaration of Independence of 1776, the First State Constitutions, the Articles of Confederation, the 1791 US Bill of Rights and in the U.S. Constitution.  

50 Facts about the Declaration of Independence

Declaration of Independence Fact 1The Declaration of Independence was signed on July 4, 1776, by the congressional representatives of the 13 Colonies of Colonial America.
 
 
Declaration of Independence Fact 2The document was signed by 56 delegates to the Continental Congress
 
 
Declaration of Independence Fact 3The document stated the reasons the 13 American colonies wanted to be free of Great Britain's government.
 
 
Declaration of Independence Fact 4The Declaration of Independence states that the authority to govern belongs to the people, rather than to kings, that all people are created equal and have rights to life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness.
 
 
Declaration of Independence Fact 5The American colonies had been at war with Great Britain for over a year when the document was signed.

American Revolutionary War
 

 
Declaration of Independence Fact 6The document recorded the proclamation of the Second Continental Congress asserting the independence of the Colonies from Great Britain.
 
 
Declaration of Independence Fact 7The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), aka the American War of Independence, began as a war between the Kingdom of Great Britain and thirteen British colonies in North America on April 19, 1775 and ended September 3, 1783. The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783) lasted 8 years and 137 days.
 
 
Declaration of Independence Fact 8The reason for the American Revolutionary War and the Declaration of Independence was due to the belief that the Stamp Act of 1765, imposed by Parliament of Great Britain, was unconstitutional.
 
 
Declaration of Independence Fact 9American Loyalists rejected the Declaration of Independence. Loyalists were American colonists who remained loyal to the Kingdom of Great Britain and the king during the American Revolutionary War. Those who supported the American revolution, and the Declaration of Independence, were called Patriots.


 

 
Declaration of Independence Fact 10About 20% of the American population during the American Revolutionary War were loyalists
 
 
Declaration of Independence Fact 11When the Congress were declared traitors by royal decree they responded by issuing the Declaration of Independence.
 
 
Declaration of Independence Fact 12

The Declaration of Independence Preamble: John Adams wrote the customary preamble, which stated that King George III had rejected reconciliation and was hiring foreign mercenaries to use against the American colonies.
 

 
Declaration of Independence Fact 13The Committee of Five appointed by the Second Continental Congress drafted what became known as America's Declaration of Independence. The members of the Committee of Five were:
  • Thomas Jefferson
  • John Adams
  • Roger Sherman
  • Robert Livingston
  • Benjamin Franklin

The Committee of Five
Sherman, Franklin, Jefferson, Adams, and Livingston
 

 
Declaration of Independence Fact 14On July 4, 1776, the wording of the Declaration of Independence was approved and sent to the printer for publication.

Declaration of Independence Text and Words
 

 
Declaration of Independence Fact 15The printer, John Dunlap, was asked to make about 200 copies to be distributed throughout the colonies. Only 26 Dunlap Broadsides have survived.
 
 
Declaration of Independence Fact 16The signers of the Declaration of Independence did not all sign on the same day.
 
 
Declaration of Independence Fact 17John Hancock was the first man to sign the Declaration of Independence on July 4, 1776. John Hancock was the President of the Continental Congress at the time of the signing.

Analysis of the Signature of John Hancock
 

 
Declaration of Independence Fact 18The other signatures were added on various dates, the last being Matthew Thornton, from New Hampshire, who signed on November 4, 1776.

Signatures on the Document
 

 
Declaration of Independence Fact 19Not one of the men who signed the Declaration of Independence was born in America.
 
 
Declaration of Independence Fact 20The first public reading of the signed Declaration of Independence took place on July 8, 1776, in Philadelphia.
 
 
Declaration of Independence Fact 219 of the men who signed the Declaration of Independence died before the American Revolution ended in 1783.
 
 
Declaration of Independence Fact 22The Declaration of Independence was signed by Thomas Lynch, Jr. and Edward Rutledge when they were only 26 years of age.
 
 
Declaration of Independence Fact 23Benjamin Franklin was 70 years old and the oldest to sign the Declaration of Independence

Benjamin Franklin
 

 
Declaration of Independence Fact 24Matthew Thornton, from New Hampshire, was the last man to sign the document on November 4, 1776
 
 
Declaration of Independence Fact 25Signing the Declaration of Independence was extremely dangerous - a treasonable act, punishable by death
 
 
Declaration of Independence Fact 26Congress initially kept the names of the men who signed the document secret until January 1777 to protect them from charges of treason
 
 
Declaration of Independence Fact 27Two future presidents signed the Declaration: John Adams (second President) and Thomas Jefferson (third President).
 
 
Declaration of Independence Fact 28The original sheet of parchment measured 24¼ by 29¾ inches.
 
 
Declaration of Independence Fact 29George Washington ordered that the Declaration of Independence be read before the American army in New York when it was first printed.

George Washington
 

 
Declaration of Independence Fact 30The First Public reading of the Declaration of Independence was in Philadelphia's Independence Square, on July 8 1776
 
 
Declaration of Independence Fact 31In 1776, when the Declaration of Independence was signed, the population of America is estimated to have been 2.5 million - the population of America is now about 312 million.
 
 
Declaration of Independence Fact 25The Declaration has only left the capital twice. The first time was when the British attacked Washington during the War of 1812, and the second time was during World War II from late 1941 until the fall of 1944 when it was stored at Fort Knox.
 
 
Declaration of Independence Fact 26The movie National Treasure starring Nicholas Cage is based on secret written on the back of the original document. There isn't a secret, but there is some writing - a filing reference. It says "Original Declaration of Independence dated 4th July 1776". 
 
 
Declaration of Independence Fact 27Robert R. Livingston was a member of the Committee of Five, but did not sign the final copy.
 
 
Declaration of Independence Fact 28Independence Hall was originally called the Pennsylvania State House, but was changed after the signing of the Declaration of Independence when it became Independence Hall

Independence Hall
 

 
Declaration of Independence Fact 29The Liberty Bell: The Liberty Bell sounded from the tower of Independence Hall on July 8, 1776, summoning citizens to gather for the first public reading by Colonel John Nixon.
 
 
Declaration of Independence Fact 30Thomas Jefferson and John Adams died on Independence Day, July 4, 1826, 50 years after the first Independence Day.
 
 
Declaration of Independence Fact 31The signers of the Declaration of Independence had various occupations: 24 were lawyers, 11 were merchants, 9 were farmers and plantation owners
 
 
Declaration of Independence Fact 25According to legend, Betsy Ross sewed the first American flag in May or June 1776, as commissioned by the Congressional Committee.
 
 
Declaration of Independence Fact 26In 1941, Congress declared 4th of July a federal legal holiday.
 
 
Declaration of Independence Fact 27The average age of the Signers of the Declaration was 45
 
 
Declaration of Independence Fact 281 out of 8 signers (7 in total) were educated at Harvard
 
 
Declaration of Independence Fact 29The Continental Congress made 86 changes to the draft.
 
 
Declaration of Independence Fact 30The United States didn't exist until after the Declaration of Independence was signed!
 
 
Declaration of Independence Fact 31Every 4th of July the Liberty Bell in Philadelphia is tapped (not rung) 13 times in honor of the original thirteen colonies.

Liberty Bell
 

 
Declaration of Independence Fact 32During the Revolutionary War, four signers were captured by the British (George Walton, Thomas Heyward, Jr., Arthur Middleton, and Edward Rutledge). All four were eventually released.
 
 
Declaration of Independence Fact 33One US President, Calvin Coolidge, was born on July 4
 
 
Declaration of Independence Fact 34The Declaration is divided into three basic parts:
1. An introduction with a statement of the philosophy.
2. A list of grievances (Complaints)
3. A final and formal "Declaration of Independence."y
 
 
Declaration of Independence Fact 35A one gun salute for each state in the United States, called a “salute to the union,” is fired at noon on Independence Day by any capable military base.
 
 
Declaration of Independence Fact 36The most famous extract from the Declaration of Independence is:

We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.
 

 
Declaration of Independence Fact 37The signers names for Massachusetts were:
John Hancock (1737 - 1793)
Samuel Adams (1722 - 1803)
John Adams (1735 - 1826)
Robert Treat Paine (1731 - 1814)
Elbridge Gerry (1744 - 1814)
 
 
Declaration of Independence Fact 38The signers names for Georgia were:
Button Gwinnett (1735 - 1777)
Lyman Hall (1724 - 1790)
George Walton (1741 - 1804)
 
 
Declaration of Independence Fact 39The signers names for North Carolina were:
William Hooper (1742 - 1790)
Joseph Hewes (1730 - 1779)
John Penn (1740 - 1788)
 
 
Declaration of Independence Fact 40The signers names for South Carolina were:
Edward Rutledge (1749 - 1800)
Thomas Heyward, Jr (1746 - 1809)
Thomas Lynch, Jr. (1749 - 1799)
Arthur Middleton (1742 - 1787)
 
 
Declaration of Independence Fact 41The signers names for Maryland were:
Samuel Chase (1741 - 1811)
William Paca (1740 - 1799)
Thomas Stone (1743 - 1787)
Charles Carroll (1737 - 1832)
 
 
Declaration of Independence Fact 42The signers names for Virginia were:
George Wythe (1726 - 1806)
Richard Henry Lee (1732 - 1794)
Thomas Jefferson (1743 - 1826)
Benjamin Harrison (1726 - 1791)
Thomas Nelson, Jr. (1738 - 1789)
Francis Lightfoot Lee (1734 - 1797)
Carter Braxton (1736 - 1797)
 
 
Declaration of Independence Fact 43The signers names for Pennsylvania were:
Robert Morris (1734 - 1806)
Benjamin Rush (1746 - 1813)
Benjamin Franklin (1706 - 1790)
John Morton (1724 - 1777)
George Clymer (1739 - 1813)
James Smith (1719 - 1806)
George Taylor (1716 - 1781)
James Wilson (1742 - 1798)
George Ross (1730 - 1779)
 
 
Declaration of Independence Fact 44The signers names for Delaware were:
Caesar Rodney (1728 - 1784)
George Read (1733 - 1798)
Thomas McKean (1735 - 1817)
 
 
Declaration of Independence Fact 45The signers names for New Jersey were:
Richard Stockton (1730 - 1781)
John Witherspoon (1723 - 1794)
Francis Hopkinson (1737 - 1791)
John Hart (1711 - 1779)
Abraham Clark (1726 - 1794)
 
 
Declaration of Independence Fact 46The signers names for New York were:
William Floyd (1734 - 1821)
Philip Livingston (1716 - 1778)
Francis Lewis (1713 - 1802)
Lewis Morris (1726 - 1798)
 
 
Declaration of Independence Fact 47The signers names for New Hampshire were:
Josiah Bartlett (1729 - 1795)
William Whipple (1730 - 1785)
Matthew Thornton (1714 - 1803)
 
 
Declaration of Independence Fact 48The signers names for Rhode Island were:
Stephen Hopkins (1707 - 1785)
William Ellery (1727 - 1820)
 
 
Declaration of Independence Fact 49The signers names for Connecticut were:
Roger Sherman (1721 - 1793)
Samuel Huntington (1731 - 1796)
William Williams (1731 - 1811)
Oliver Wolcott (1726 - 1797)
 
 
Declaration of Independence Fact 50The most famous version of the Declaration of Independence, is displayed at the National Archives in Washington, D.C.
 
 

50 Facts about the Declaration of Independence

 

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Facts and Information about this historic document

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Declaration of Independence Facts
The article containing Declaration of Independence facts is presented in a short, easy fact file format that is highly suitable for kids and schools. The facts about the Declaration of Independence are a fast and accurate way to gain a good understanding of the people and events surrounding famous document that plays a major role in American history. The facts include the drafting of the document together with important dates and the roles of different people who feature in the history of the document. For additional facts and information refer to the additional articles including:

Who Signed the Declaration of Independence

 

The Declaration of Independence Facts

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Colonial America - The Land of the Brave

 

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